(580 B.C.)




     Daniel is the link between Old Testament prophecy and New Testament prophecy (Book of Revelation). It was written during the exile of Judah in Babylon, where the prophet Daniel serves in the King’s court. It’s topics, among others, include the "little horn" (the antichrist), the Fourth Kingdom (fourth beast), and the "70 week prophecy" (time table for key events). Daniel is a very important influence on the Qumran community of the Dead Sea Scrolls and New Testament scripture. Daniel, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the Book of Revelation are the three main sources of information concerning the antichrist.


Accuracy of Prophecy


     Daniel, chapter 11 contains some of the most specific and detailed prophesies in the Bible. It successfully predicts close to 400 years of world history. Starting from the Persian-Median empire (539 B.C.), it proceeds through Greece and Alexander the Great, Egypt and the Ptolemies, Syria and the Seleucids, and ends with the archetypical anti-Christ figure Antiochus IV Epiphanes (164 B.C.). I would estimate that there are several hundred accurate prophecies within this single chapter of Daniel alone. The prophecies are so specific and so detailed that many so called "critical scholars," who deny the possibility of any supernatural reality, have assumed and argued that these prophecies were written after the events had taken place. However, study of Aramaic documents in the recently discovered Dead Sea Scrolls argue strongly against such a late date for Daniel. Quoting from Secrets of the Dead Sea Scrolls, by Randall Price, 1996, we have the following:


                   . "90 percent of Daniel’s Aramaic vocabulary occurred in documents dated to 

                   the fifth century B.C. or earlier"

                   . "Persian loan words were Old Persian"

                   . "Greek loan words precede the fifth century B.C."

                   . "Some syntactical forms in Daniel were shown not to have survived beyond

                     the fifth century B.C., precluding any later date."

                   . "The alternative date for Daniel in the sixth or fifth century B.C. has more in 

                      its favor today from the point of view of language alone than ever before."

                      (Old Testament scholar Gerhard Hasel)


     Prophecy is real! It has much evidence in favor of its validity. Prophecy still concerns us and our future. Truth is being revealed in a strategic way to bring information to people at the right time. God’s plan is unfolding under our feet and beneath our awareness.

     To see for ourselves just how detailed and accurate this prophecy is, let’s now take a look at a small sample of Daniel’s prophecy in chapter eleven. We will focus in on the prophecy regarding Antiochus IV Epiphanes. He is the prototype of Caligastia’s (the devil’s) human personification, the antichrist.

     After Alexander the Great dies young (age 35) his empire is split up four ways (as prophesied) into North, South, East and West. The North and South are the two main players on stage. Egypt (South) and Syria (North) battle each other with Jerusalem in the middle. We are first introduced to Antiochus Epiphanes in chapter eight of Daniel:


Daniel 8:8       And the he-goat (Alexander the Great) magnified himself
                      exceedingly, and when he was young and strong, the great horn
                      (that he was) was suddenly broken; and instead (of him) there
                      came up four notable horns, one toward each of the four winds of heaven

                      (N, S, W, E)


Daniel 8:9      Out of littleness and small beginnings came forth a horn
                      (North) whose presumption and pride grew exceedingly
                      toward the south (Egypt), and toward the east, and toward the
                      precious land (West, Israel).


     Horns represent power, good or evil. The size of the horn is proportional to the magnitude of the power. Little horn equals little power and large horn equals great power.
     Notice that the little horn here, in Daniel 8, is different from the little horn of Daniel 12. In Daniel 8 the little horn is one (North) of the four horns (N, S, E, W) of the third beast and grows larger from Antiochus the Great through Antiochus IV Epiphanes his son. In Daniel 12, the little horn is a separate eleventh horn, which grows out from under three of the ten original horns (Kings) growing on the fourth beast (the messianic world Kingdom). Both little horns are manifestations of Satan’s or Caligastia’s power. Antiochus IV corresponds to the little horn of Daniel 8 and the little horn of Daniel 12 corresponds to the antichrist of our age, the messianic age. Many of the same characteristics of Antiochus IV Epiphanes may also be true of the antichrist figure yet to come and is therefore worthy of study.
     We now skip over to Daniel 11:21 through 11:45 where Antiochus Epiphanes is discussed in great detail. In order to give the reader a taste of this awesome demonstration of God’s omniscience, I will first give the verses 11:21 through 11:29 of Daniel (King James Version) and then follow this by its analysis given in Matthew Henry’s Commentary written in the 1700's. Remember that Daniel’s prophecy is written 300 to 400 years before the events take place! Matthew Henry’s historical information is taken directly from historical sources about the events prophesied. The following verses describe the arrisal of Antiochus Epiphanes from the lineage of Antiochus the Great and his first two (of three) expeditions to Egypt.


Accuracy of Prophecy


Daniel 11:21  And in his estate (Antiochus the Great) shall stand up a vile
(KJV)            person (Antiochus Epiphanes), to whom they shall not give the
                      honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and
                      obtain the kingdom by flatteries.


Daniel 11:22  And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from
(KJV)            before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.


Daniel 11:23  And after the league made with him he (Antiochus Epiphanes)
(KJV)            shall work deceitfully: for he shall come up, and shall become
                      strong with a small people.


Daniel 11:24  He (Antiochus Epiphanes) shall enter peaceably even upon the
(KJV)            fattest places of the province; and he shall do that which his fathers
                      have not done, nor his fathers’ fathers; he shall scatter among them
                      the prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he shall forecast his devices
                      against the strong holds, even for a time.


Daniel 11:25  And he shall stir up his power and his courage against the
(KJV)            king of the south (Egypt) with a great army; and the king of the south
                      shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army;
                      but he (King of the South) shall not stand: for they shall forecast
                      devices against him.


Daniel 11:26  Yea, they that feed of the portion of his (King of the South)
(KJV)            meat shall destroy him, and his army shall overflow: and many
                      hall fall down slain.


Daniel 11:27    And both these kings’ hearts shall be to do mischief, and they
(KJV)          shall speak lies at one table; but it shall not prosper: for yet the
                    end shall be at the time appointed.


Daniel 11:28  Then shall he (Antiochus Epiphanes) return into his land with
(KJV)         great riches; and his heart shall be against the holy covenant;
                   and he shall do exploits, and return to his own land.


Daniel 11:29  At the time appointed he (Antiochus Epiphanes) shall return,
(KJV)         and come toward the south; but it shall not be as the former,
                   or as the latter.


     Next, we have the commentary from Matthew Henry describing the historical records of this same event. The writing is somewhat difficult to follow at times and it is necessary to read it very carefully and slowly in certain parts. For the sake of clarity another commentary, Jamieson, will be presented following Matthew Henry and will cover the same ground. The bold type is the commentator’s and are the scripture phrases from the Daniel text being discussed.


Matthew          All this is a prophecy of the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes, the
Henry              little horn spoken of before (Dan 8:9), a sworn enemy to the
Commentary    Jewish religion, and a bitter persecutor of those that adhered to it. What               

                        troubles the Jews met with in the reigns of the Persian kings were not so                         

                        particularly foretold to Daniel as these, because then they had living

                        prophets with them, Haggai and Zechariah, to encourage them; but these

                        troubles in the days of Antiochus were foretold, because, before that time,

                        prophecy would cease, and they would find it necessary to have recourse

                        to the written word. (Prophesy ceased because the Lord/Melchizedek left.)

                        Some things in this prediction concerning Antiochus are alluded to in the

                        New-Testament predictions of the antichrist, especially Dan. 11:36, 37.  

                        His character: He shall be a vile person. He called himself Epiphanes –the

                        illustrious, but his character was the reverse of his surname. The heathen

                        writers (historical sources) describe him to be an odd-humoured man, rude

                        and boisterous, base and sordid. He would sometimes steal out of the court

                        into the city, and herd with any infamous company incognito – in disguise

                        he made himself a companion of the common sort, and of the basest

                        strangers that came to town. He had the most unaccountable whims, so

                        that some took him to be silly, others to be mad. Hence he was called

                        Epimanes – the madman. He is called a vile person, for he had been a long

                        time a hostage at Rome for the fidelity of his father when the Romans had

                        subdued him; and it was agreed that, when the other hostages were

                        exchanged, he should continue a prisoner at large.

                        (Matthew Henry Commentary)
                             His accession to the crown: By a trick he got his elder brother’s son,

                        Demetrius, to be sent a hostage to Rome, in exchange for him, contrary to

                        the cartel; and, his elder brother being made away with by Heliodorus

                        (Dan 11:20), him (Epiphanes) took the kingdom. The states of Syria did

                        not give it to him (Dan11:21), because they knew it belonged to his elder

                        brother’s son, nor did he get it by the sword, but came in peaceably,

                        pretending to reign for his brother’s son, Demetrius, then a hostage at

                        Rome. But with the help of Eumenes and Attalus, neighbouring princes,

                        he gained an interest in the people, and by flatteries obtained the kingdom,

                        established himself in it, and crushed Heliodorus, who made head against

                        him with the arms of flood; those that opposed him were overflown and

                        broken before him, even the prince of the covenant, his nephew

                        (Demetrius), the rightful heir, whom he pretended to covenant with that he

                        would resign to him whenever he should return, Dan 11:22. But, (Dan 11:

                        23) after the league made with him he shall work deceitfully, as one whose

                        avowed maxim it is that princes ought not to be bound by their word any

                        longer than it is for their interest. And with a small people, that at first

                        cleave to him, he shall become strong, and (Dan 11:24) he shall enter

                        peaceably upon the fattest places of the kingdom of Syria, and, very unlike

                        his predecessors, shall scatter among the people the prey, and the spoil,

                        and riches, to insinuate himself into their affections; but, at the same time,

                        he shall forecast his devices against the strong-holds, to make himself                    

                        master of them, so that his generosity shall last but for a time; when he has

                        got the garrisons into his hands he will scatter his spoil no more, but rule

                        by force, as those commonly do that come in by fraud. He that comes in

                        like a fox reigns like a lion. Some understand these verses of his first

                        expedition into Egypt, when he came not as an enemy, but as a friend and

                        guardian to the young king Ptolemaeus Philometer, and therefore brought

                        with him but few followers, yet those stout men, and faithful to his

                        interest, whom he placed in divers of the strong-holds in Egypt, thereby

                        making himself master of them. (Matthew Henry Commentary)
                             His war with Egypt, which was his second expedition thither: This is

                        described, Dan 11:25,27. Antiochus shall stir up his power and courage

                        against Ptolemaeus Philometer king of Egypt. Ptolemy, thereupon, shall be

                        stirred up to battle against him, shall come against him with a very great

                        and mighty army; but Ptolemy, though he has such a vast army, shall not

                        be able to stand before him; for Antiochus’s army shall overthrow his, and

                        overpower it, and great multitudes of the Egyptian army shall fall down

                        slain. And no marvel, for the king of Egypt shall be betrayed by his own

                        counselors; those that feed of the portion of his meat, that eat of his bread

                        and live upon him, being bribed by Antiochus, shall forecast devices

                        against him, and even they shall destroy him; and what defense is there

                        against such treachery? After the battle, a treaty of peace shall be set on

                        foot, and these two kings shall meet at one council-board, to adjust the

                        articles of peace between them; but they shall neither of them be sincere in

                        it, for they shall, in their pretenses and promises of amity and friendship,

                        lie to one another, for their hearts shall be at the same time to do one

                        another all the mischief they can. And then no marvel that it shall not

                        prosper. The peace shall not last; but the end of it shall be at the time

                        appointed in the divine Providence, and then the war shall break out again,

                        as a sore that is only skinned over. (Matthew Henry Commentary)
                             Another expedition against Egypt: From the former (expeditions) he

                        (Antiochus Epiphanes) returned with great riches (Dan 11:28), and

                        therefore took the first occasion to invade Egypt again, at the time

                        appointed by the divine Providence, two years after, in the eighth year of

                        his reign, Dan 11:29. He shall come towards the south. But this attempt

                        shall not succeed, as the two former did, nor shall he gain his point, as he

                        had done before once and again; for (Dan 11:30) the ships of Chittim shall

                        come against him, that is, the navy of the Romans, or only ambassadors

                        from the Roman senate, who came in ships. Ptolemaeus Philometer, king

                        of Egypt, being now in a strict alliance with the Romans, craved their aid

                        against Antiochus, who had besieged him and his mother Cleopatra in the

                        city of Alexandria. The Roman senate thereupon sent an embassy to

                        Antiochus, to command him to raise the siege, and, when he desired some

                        time to consider of it and consult with his friends about it, Popilius, one of

                        the ambassadors, with his staff drew a circle about, and told him, as one

                        having authority, he should give a positive answer before he came out of

                        that circle; whereupon, fearing the Roman power, he was forced

                        immediately to give orders for the raising of the siege and the retreat of his

                        army out of Egypt. So Livy and others relate the story which this prophecy

                        refers to. He shall be grieved, and return; for it was a great vexation to him

                        to be forced to yield thus. (Matthew Henry Commentary)    

                             His rage and cruel practices against the Jews: This is that part of  his

                        government, or mis-government rather, which is most enlarged upon in

                        this prediction. In his return from his expedition into Egypt (which is

                        prophesied of, Dan 11:28) he did exploits against the Jews, in the sixth

                        year of his reign; then he spoiled the city and temple. But the most terrible   

                        storm was in his return from Egypt, two years after, prophesied of Dan

                        11:30. Then he took Judea in his way home; and, because he could not

                        gain his point in Egypt by reason of the Romans interposing, he wreaked

                        his revenge upon the poor Jews, who gave him no provocation, but had

                       greatly provoked God to permit him to do it, Daniel 8:23.

                        (Matthew Henry Commentary)
                             He had a rooted antipathy to the Jews’ religion: His heart was against

                        the holy covenant, Daniel 11:28. And (Daniel 11:30) he had indignation against   

                        the holy covenant, that covenant of peculiarity by which the Jews were

                        incorporated a people distinct from all other nations, and dignified above

                        them. He hated the law of Moses and the worship of the true God, and was

                        vexed at the privileges of the Jewish nation and the promises made to

                        them. Note, that which is the hope and joy of the people of God is the

                        envy of their neighbours, and that is the holy covenant. Esau hated Jacob

                        because he had got the blessing. Those that are strangers to the covenant

                        are often enemies to it. (Matthew Henry Commentary)


     Next, I will give another commentary, Jamieson, Fausset & Brown, on the same verses 11:21 thru 11:29 for your further study. Matthew Henry Commentary was written in the 1700’s and Jamieson was written in the 1800’s. As you can see, this information and knowledge has been covered over by the prejudices of the so-called Modern age. There is much truth just beneath the surface of our false assumptions, waiting to be rediscovered. The information in brackets are the historical sources referred to.  The bold letters are the biblical verses being commented on.


Daniel 11:21       vile -- Antiochus called Epiphanes, that is, "the illustrious," for

Jamieson         vindicating the claims of the royal line against Heliodorus, was

                        nicknamed, by a play of sounds, Epimanes, that is, "the madman," for his

                        mad freaks beneath the dignity of a king. He would carouse with the

                        lowest of the people, bathe with them in the public baths(sound familiar?

                        my comment),  and foolishly jest and throw stones at passers-by

                        [POLYBIUS, 26.10].  Hence, as also for his crafty supplanting of

                        Demetrius, the rightful heir, from the throne, he is termed "vile." they 

                        shall not give…kingdom: but…by flatteries -- The nation shall not, by a

                        public act, confer the kingdom on him, but he shall obtain it by artifice,

                        "flattering" Eumenes and Attalus of Pergamos to help him, and, as he had

                        seen candidates at Rome doing, canvassing the Syrian people high and

                        low, one by one, with embraces [LIVY, 41.20].

Daniel 11:22       shall they be overflown…before him -- Antiochus Epiphanes shall
Jamieson         invade Egypt with overwhelming forces.
                        prince of the covenant --Ptolemy Philometer, the son of Cleopatra,
                        Antiochus’ sister, who was joined in covenant with him. Ptolemy’s
                        guardians, while he was a boy, sought to recover from Epiphanes
                        Coelo-Syria and Palestine, which had been promised by Antiochus
                        the Great as Cleopatra’s dowry in marrying Ptolemy Epiphanes.
                        Hence arose the war. Philometer’s generals were vanquished, and
                        Pelusium, the key of Egypt, taken by Antiochus, 171 B.C.


Daniel 11:23       TREGELLES notes three divisions in the history of the "vile
Jamieson         person," which is continued to the end of the chapter: (1) His
                        rise (Daniel 11:21,22). (2) The time from his making the
                        covenant to the taking away of the daily sacrifice and setting up
                        of the abomination of desolation (Daniel 11:23-31). (3) His
                        career of blasphemy, to his destruction (Daniel 11:32-45); the
                        latter two periods answering to the "week" of years of his
                        "covenant with many" (namely, in Israel) (Daniel 9:27), and
                        the last being the closing half week of the ninth chapter. But
                        the context so accurately agrees with the relations of Antiochus
                        to Ptolemy that the primary reference seems to be to the "league"
                        between them. Antitypically, Antichrist’s relations towards
                        Israel are probably delineated. Compare Daniel 8:11,25 with
                        Daniel 11:22 here, "prince of the covenant."
                        work deceitfully -- Feigning friendship to young Ptolemy, as if
                        he wished to order his kingdom for him, he took possession of
                        Memphis and all Egypt ("the fattest places," Daniel 11:34) as
                        far as Alexandria. with a small people -- At first, to throw off
                        suspicion, his forces were small.

Daniel 11:24       peaceably -- literally, "unexpectedly"; under the guise of friend-
Jamieson         ship he seized Ptolemy Philometer.
                        he shall do that which his fathers have not done -- His predecessors,
                        kings of Syria, had always coveted Egypt, but in vain: he alone
                        made himself master of it.
                        scatter among them…
                        prey -- among his followers (1 Maccabees 1:19).
                        Forecast his devices against…
                        strongholds -- He shall form a studied
                        scheme for making himself master of the Egyptian fortresses. He
                        gained them all except Alexandria, which successfully resisted
                        him. Retaining to himself Pelusium, he retired to Judea, where,
                        in revenge for the joy shown by the Jews at the report of his death,
                        which led them to a revolt, he subdued Jerusalem by storm or stratagem.
                        for a time -- His rage shall not be for ever; it is but for a time limited
                        by God. CALVIN makes "for a time" in antithesis to "unexpectedly,"
                         in the beginning of the verse. He suddenly mastered the weaker
                        cities: he had to "forecast his plans" more gradually ("for a time")
                        as to how to gain the stronger fortresses.

Daniel 11:25       A fuller detail of what was summarily stated (Daniel 11:22-24).
Jamieson         This is the first of Antiochus’ three (Daniel 11:29) open invasions of 

                        against the king of the south -- against Ptolemy Philometer.
                        Subsequently, Ptolemy Physcon (the Gross), or Euergetes II, was
                        made king by the Egyptians, as Ptolemy Philometer was in Antiochus

                        great army -- as distinguished from the "small people" (Daniel 11:23)
                        with which he first came. This was his first open expedition; he
                        was emboldened by success to it. Antiochus "entered Egypt with
                        an overwhelming multitude, with chariots, elephants, and cavalry"
                        (1 Maccabees 1:17).
                        stirred up -- by the necessity, though naturally indolent.
                        not stand -- Philometer was defeated.
                        they shall forecast, &c. -- His own nobles shall frame treacherous
                        "devices" against him (see Daniel 11:26). Euloeus and Lenoeus
                        maladministered his affairs. Antiochus, when checked at last at
                        Alexandria, left Ptolemy Philometer at Memphis as king, pretending
                        that his whole object was to support Philometer’s claims against the
                        usurper Physcon.


Daniel 11:26       they that feed of…his meat -- those from whom he (Philometer)
Jamieson         might naturally have looked for help, his intimates and dependents 
                        (Psalms 41:9, John 13:18); his ministers and guardians.
                        his army shall overflow -- Philometer’s army shall be dissipated
                        as water. The phrase is used of overflowing numbers, usually in
                        a victorious sense, but here in the sense of defeat, the very numbers
                        which ordinarily ensure victory, hastening the defeat through mis-
                        many shall fall down slain -- (1Maccabees 1:18, "many fell
                        wounded to death"). Antiochus, when he might have slain all in
                        the battle near Pelusium, rode around and ordered the enemy to be
                        taken alive, the fruit of which policy was, he soon gained Pelusium
                        and all Egypt [DIODORUS SICULUS, 27.77].


Daniel 11:27       both…to do mischief -- each to the other.
Jamieson         speak lies at one table -- They shall, under the semblance of
                        intimacy, at Memphis try to deceive one another
                        it shall not prosper -- Neither of them shall carry his point at this time.
                        yet the end shall be -- "the end" of the contest between them is
                        reserved for "the time appointed" (Daniel 11:29, 30).


Daniel 11:28       (1 Maccabees 1:19, 20, &c).
Jamieson         against the holy covenant -- On his way back to Syria, he attacked
                        Jerusalem, the metropolis of Jehovah’s covenant-people, slew
                        eighty thousand, took forty thousand prisoners, and sold forty
                        thousand as slaves (11 Maccabees 5:5-14).
                        he shall do exploits -- He shall effect his purpose. Guided by
                        Menelaus, the high priest, he entered the sanctuary with blasphemies,
                        took away the gold and silver vessels, sacrificed swine on the alter,
                        and sprinkled broth of the flesh through the temple

                        (11 Maccabees 5:15-21).


Daniel 11:29       At the time appointed -- "the time" spoken of in Daniel 11:27.
Jamieson         return -- his second open invasion of Egypt. Ptolemy Philometer
                        suspecting Antiochus’ designs with Physcon, hired mercenaries
                        from Greece. Whereupon Antiochus advanced with a fleet and an
                        army, demanding the cession to him of Cyprus, Pelusiuim, and
                        the country adjoining the Pelusiac mouth of the Nile.
                        it shall not be as the former -- not successful as the former
                        expedition. Popilius Loenas, the Roman ambassador, met him at
                        Eleusis, four miles from Alexandria, and presented him the decree
                        of the senate; on Antiochus replying that he would consider what
                        he was to do, Popilius drew a line round him with a rod and said,
                        "I must have a reply to give to the senate before you leave this
                        circle." Antiochus submitted, and retired from Egypt; and his
                        fleets withdrew from Cyprus.
                        or as the latter -- that mentioned in Daniel 11:42, 43 [TREGELLES].
                        Or, making this the third expedition, the sense is "not as the first or
                        as the second" expeditions [PISCATOR]. Rather "not as the former,
                        o shall be this latter" expedition [GROTIUS].

     From this small sample I think you can see for yourself just how amazingly detailed and accurate these prophecies are. Anyone interested in studying this further can do so at www.biblestudytools.net under commentaries about Daniel (Matthew Henry and also Jamieson, Fausset and Brown).


Changing topics, next consider this verse from the Amplified Bible:


Daniel 12:4         But you, O Daniel, shut up the words and seal the Book
(Amplified)     until the time of the end. Then many shall run to and fro
                        and search anxiously (through the Book), and knowledge
                        [of God’s purposes as revealed by His prophets] shall be
                        increased and become great.


Amos 8:12      And (the people) shall wander from sea to sea and from
(Amplified)      the north even to the east; they shall run to and fro to seek
                        the word of the Lord (inquiring for and requiring it as one
                        requires food), but shall not find it.


     These two verses above reveal that there will be a great thirst for the proper understanding of prophecy near the end of the messianic age, and that God’s purposes will be progressively revealed through "greater understanding of His prophets of old." Many will be confused in their search for God’s truth. The Qumran community, of the Dead Sea Scrolls, foretell a final prophet called "the interpreter of the law" who reveals God’s truth through an inspired interpretation of the Olden Prophets. This demonstration of God’s omniscience through His prophets is one of the major events to unfold during the end and completion of this age.


God next tells us through Daniel:


Seventy Weeks Prophecy


Daniel 9:24         Seventy weeks (of years or 490 years) are decreed upon
(Amplified)          your people and upon your holy city (Jerusalem), to finish and
                        put an end to transgression (1), to seal up and make full the
                        measure of sin (2), to purge away and make expiation and
                        reconciliation for sin (3), to bring in everlasting righteousness
                        (4), to seal up vision and prophecy and prophet (5), and to
                        anoint a Holy of Holies (6).


     Since we haven’t ended the age yet, this means that transgression (against the will of God) is not yet finished, that the "full measure of sin" has not yet been attained, that full righteousness has not yet come, and that prophecy remains incompletely fulfilled and incompletely interpreted. Continuing:


Daniel 9:25         Know therefore and understand that from the going forth of
(Amplified)     the commandment to restore and build Jerusalem (King Artaxerxes
                        on March 14th, 445 B.C.) until the coming of the Anointed One, a
                        Prince, shall be 7 weeks (of years = 49) plus 62 weeks (of years =
                        434, total = 483 years); the city shall be built again (2nd temple)
                        with square and moat in troublous times. (my parentheses)


Daniel 9:26         And after sixty-two weeks (of years) the Anointed One shall
(Amplified)     be cut off (or killed) and shall have nothing (and no one)
                        belonging to (or defending) Him. And the people of the
                        (other) prince who will come will destroy the city and the
                        sanctuary (Roman War A.D. 70). Its end shall come with a
                        flood (of terror and war); and even to the end there shall be
                        war, and desolations are decreed. (my parentheses)


          The two verses above predict the rebuilding of the 2nd temple over a 49 year span, followed by the killing of the Anointed One (Jesus) 62 weeks or 434 years later, which works out to be A.D. 38, close to the actual crucifixion date of Jesus. The total weeks so far, up to the death of Jesus, the Anointed One of 9:26, is 69 and there is a pause in the prophecy after Jesus’ death for 2000 years while the Christian Age is traversed, until the final week (the 70th) begins a 7 year period of trials during the messianic end of the age. These dates and time periods are in excellent agreement with the facts of history so far and there is every reason to believe they will continue to be accurate in the future. The last verse of this chapter pertains to the events of the final seventieth week.


Daniel 9:27         And he (Antichrist) shall enter into a strong covenant with the many
(Amplified)     for one week (7 years). And in the midst of the week he shall cause
                        the sacrifice and offering to cease (for the remaining three and
                        one-half years); and upon the wing or pinnacle of abominations
                        (shall come) one who makes desolate, until the full determined
                        end is poured out on the desolation.


     "He" of the first line of 9:27 is the antichrist of the upcoming messianic period who "makes a covenant with many for one week." This covenant is probably one or another of the Middle East agreements between modern Israel and the surrounding Arab nations. I suspect that it will be the one which may presently be forthcoming. The next line talks about the antichrist causing sacrifice and offerings (presumably in the Temple) to cease at mid-week (3.5 years). However, there is presently no Temple to cease sacrifices. (Presently, the Arab, Dome of the Rock sits on top of the Temple Mount.) So either there is a 3rd temple to be built soon, or this verse is not being interpreted properly. However, other scripture implies that the 3rd Temple will be built after Melchizedek arrives rather than before, again yielding a contradiction to 9:27. Hopefully, further study will clarify this point.

     Chapter 12 of Daniel covers some events at the end of the age that are discussed elsewhere.
     Chapter 7 is also important and describes the fourth and last beast (Kingdom) with ten horns (kings/rulers) followed by an eleventh "little horn" who "plucks up" 3 kings by their roots, meaning probably that the little horn takes their powers to himself from an "inside" position. This little horn then "makes war with the Saints" (probably those who elect God’s will) and prevails until Melchizedek enters the scene and brings "release to the captives." (See end of Dead Sea Scrolls chapter for more on beast and antichrist).
     One final point, before leaving Daniel, is the recognition of the behind the scenes activity of a variety of celestial beings, who shape and influence human history. It would appear that negative beings such as Caligastia (devil) and Satan have had their greatest impact on human history as a result of their influence on key individuals in diverse spheres of influence (academic, intellectual, economic, political, etc.). For example, Nietzsche represents the flowering and culmination of a long and flawed line of German philosophy. The slope is slippery and starts with seemingly innocuous and even well-intended errors which pass off as truth. Through such influence, a whole class of "intelligentsia" has been lead astray and the world has followed along unaware. One is left to ask how and where may such influences be manifesting themselves today? Only one clue is necessary. Wherever power is, there lies in wait those who would use power to further their own ends. It is said that absolute power corrupts absolutely and that every man has his price. Evil tends to be much better organized, goal oriented, and assertive than good on our world and I’m afraid that the reigns of power (all types) have been and are in the hands of those who would use them to further their own ends rather than for the welfare of those that are in their charge. This leadership elite of mankind has become so powerful that a superhuman effort will be needed to overcome it.
     Chapter 2:1-49 discusses Nebuchadnezar’s dream of the great image, which symbolizes the kingdoms of man and their final destruction by the eternal Kingdom of God. The final kingdom of man has feet of iron and clay. The iron is strong and unyielding and the clay is weak and fragile (like human nature). Perhaps the iron represents authoritarian and the clay democratic nations. Irregardless, these verses end with a divine kingdom "made not with human hands" that "breaks in pieces and consumes" all the kingdoms of man gone before it. This is the Kingdom of heaven and earth, which "shall stand forever." Rebellion and isolation are ended, full restoration then takes place, and Melchizedek’s comprehensive plan for rehabilitation is completed.  Next in line is Haggai.