DEAD SEA SCROLLS
(Written approx. 100 B.C.)
"The Dead Sea Scrolls have revolutionized the study of the Bible, early Judaism, and early Christianity." (Dead Sea Scrolls, Michael Wise, 1996) Here are some facts about their discovery and publication taken from, Dead Sea Scrolls, Michael Wise.
Dead Sea Scroll Facts
BC The vast majority of scrolls
were written in first century BC.
2. 1947 AD The first scrolls were found in the Judean desert.
3. 1948 The first scrolls were published.
4. 1947-1956 Eleven caves with scrolls were discovered.
5. 1947-1956 There were 15,000 fragments found in cave four alone.
6. 1948 The jurisdiction at this time was the government of Jordan.
7. 1950-1977 The "official team" of a small number of scholars published six
volumes of scrolls during this time period; less than half of the total
8. 1977-1991 The "Official team" refuses to release the scrolls for public study.
This is called "the scandal of the century" by prominent scholar Geza
9. 1991 Zion Wacholder reconstructs scrolls from a detailed concordex using
a desktop computer.
10. 1991 Legal action was threatened against the monopoly
11. 1991 Emanuel Tov, the new editor-in-chief announced the free and
unconditional access to all
photographs of Dead Sea Scrolls.
Whenever there is such flagrant abuse and secrecy, one must suspect the worst. Perhaps someday we will know the true history of the scrolls as it transpired in the first fifty years after their discovery.
Let’s start by examining the most important Dead Sea Scroll, 11Q13, first. This scroll establishes Melchizedek as a "Lord" in the Old Testament. The other "Lord" in the Old Testament is God of course. With one sentence this document establishes: Melchizedek as Lord of the Old Testament and coming Messiah, confirms the truth and validity of The Urantia Book, and validates the Teacher of Righteousness as a true prophet of God. As a true prophet, the Teacher deserves to have all of his words carefully scrutinized.
In the following discussion of 11Q13, The Coming of Melchizedek, verses of scripture are quoted and then commented on by the Teacher of Righteousness, the Leader of the Qumran.Community.
11Q13 The Coming of Melchizedek
this year of jubilee, each of you shall return to his property. (Lev
25:13) And this is the manner of release: every creditor shall release that
which he has lent to his neighbor. He shall not exact it of his neighbor and
his brother, for God’s release has been proclaimed. (Deuteronomy 15:2)
The Jubilee occurs every fiftieth year and its purpose, established by God, is to release all who have been enslaved financially or physically. It evens the playing field and closes the gaps that otherwise develop between the rich and the poor. (My comment)
Below, I have given the full quote of Isaiah that the Teacher of Righteousness is commenting on in the Dead Sea Scroll 11Q13.
Isaiah 61:1,2 The
spirit of the Lord God is upon me(Isaiah),
Because the Lord has anointed me;
He has sent me as a herald of joy to the humble,
To bind up the wounded of heart,
To proclaim release to the captives,
Liberation to the imprisoned;
To proclaim a year of the Lord's favor.
will be proclaimed at the end of days concerning the captives.
Its interpretation is that He (God) will assign them (the captives, People
of God) to the Sons of Heaven and to the inheritance of Melchizedek;
for He (God) will cast their (the captives’) lot amid the portions of
Melchizedek, who will return them there (Canaan) and will
proclaim to them liberty, forgiving them the wrong doings of
their iniquities. (Interpretation of Isaiah 61:1 given by TR)
(Teacher of Righteousness)
The Teacher of Righteousness quotes three passages of scripture (Leviticus 25:13, Deuteronomy 15:2, & Isaiah 61), which he feels are connected and then goes on to give his interpretation in the last paragraph above. Notice that the Teacher of Righteousness identifies "the Lord's favor" as Melchizedek's favor, thus substituting Melchizedek in place of Lord in the scripture passage given above in the King James translation of Isaiah 61. This substitution reverses the very error of using Lord to designate Melchizedek discussed in The Urantia Book . This mutual understanding between the Dead Sea Scrolls and The Urantia Book, corroborates The Urantia Book and also establishes the Teacher as a valid source of accurate prophetic information. In addition, since this verse of Isaiah is embedded in a messianic end of the age scriptural context, we can also deduce that Melchizedek is identified by the Teacher as the Messiah who comes at ages end in the Old Testament. More evidence that Melchizedek is the Messiah is presented just below, in the remaining analysis of 11Q13.
The Teacher tells us that these verses apply to the future, final end of the age when Melchizedek comes and literally releases the faithful (Christians and Jews) who are "being held captive" by the hostile leaders and nations of that time. Melchizedek frees them and reunites these remnants in Canaan, thus restoring a reunified "Israel." The Teacher continues:
this thing (release of captives) will occur in the first week of the
Jubilee that follows nine Jubilees. (TR). (my parentheses above).
A Jubilee is declared on every 50 th year, on Yom Kippur, which is ten days after the beginning of the Jewish New Year. This is the holiest day of the year and is also called the Day of Atonement – usually a somber day of repentance. Yom Kippur occurred this year on 9/20/99. I believe Melchizedek will return on or near Yom Kippur one of these years and will turn a day of mourning into a day of joy. (My comment.) The Teacher continues:
of And the Day of Atonement is the end
of the tenth Jubilee, when
Righteousness all the Sons of Light and the men of the lot of Melchizedek will
11Q13 be atoned for. And a statue concerning them to provide them
(Captives/Sons of Light) with their rewards. For this is the moment
of the Year of Grace for Melchizedek. And he will by his strength
judge the holy ones of God, executing judgment as it is written
concerning him in the Songs of David (Psalms) who said:
Elohim has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the
Gods he holds judgment. (Psalms 82:1)
Elohim is translated as God in our present Bible translations and this line becomes "God stands in the divine assembly; among the divine beings He pronounces judgment!" The Teacher of Righteousness translates Elohim, not as God, but as Melchizedek, giving us ‘Melchizedek has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the diving beings he holds judgment.’ This corresponds to Melchizedek’s presence on the Urantia advisory council (four and twenty counselors) located on Jerusem (UB 5l3). Again scripture and the Urantia Book cross-corroborate one another. We now return to 11Q13, The Coming of Melchizedek regarding the identity of Elohim. The psalmist appeals to "the Lord’s" sense of injustice:
Rise, O Lord, in Your anger,
Assert Yourself against the fury of my foes,
Best in Yourself on my behalf;
You have ordained judgment.
Let the assembly of peoples gather about You,
With You enthroned above, on high. (Ps 7:7-8)
It was concerning him
(Melchizedek) that the above Psalm referred to.
(interpretation by TR)
Again, we see Melchizedek identified as the Lord and Messiah in Psalm 7 by the Teacher of Righteousness. Melchizedek is the one who comes to rule the nations, the Messiah of Jewish expectation. The Teacher selects his next line of scripture:
long will you (the Lord) judge unjustly and show
partiality to the wicked? (Psalm 82:2)
It’s interpretation concerns Belial (devil) and the spirits of his lot
rebelled by turning away from the precepts of God to…(missing text).
And Melchizedek will avenge the vengeance of the judgments of
God…(missing text). And he (Melchizedek) will drag them (captives)
from the hand of Belial and from the hand of all the spirits of his lot. And
all the ‘Gods of Justice’ will come to his aid to attend to the destruction of
Belial. (interpretation by TR)
Here, it is made clear, Belial is the ultimate force behind the leaders and nations who take God’s people captive in the latter days. Most serve Belial/Caligastia unknowingly for promises of wealth, power, and prestige. We literally 'sell our souls' to get what we think we want most.
Belial is no doubt Caligastia who is still "free to prosecute his nefarious schemes" (UB 610). "The devil is none other than Caligastia" (UB 602). "Adam tried to warn the races against Caligastia, but the task was made very difficult because his archenemy was invisible to the eyes of mortals…there were those confused minds that leaned toward the Caligastia teaching of unbridled personal liberty…" (UB 833). The ‘gods of justice’ mentioned by the Teacher of Righteousness are probably the Ancients of Days who "reserve power of decision on a mortal’s extinction." (UB 210). "It is evident that Immanuel counseled Michael (Christ) to remain aloof from the rebels and allow rebellion to pursue a natural course of self-obliteration (suicide)" (UB 617). "In the event of rebellion of a system headquarters, a new sovereign is installed within a comparatively short time, but not so on the individual planets. …Successor Planetary Princes are designated for isolated worlds,…but they do not assume active ruler ship…until the results of the insurrection are partially overcome and removed by partial remedial measures adopted by the Melchizedeks and other ministering personalities."(UB 394). We are still in the period of "partial remediation" under Melchizedek's "comprehensive plan for rehabilitation of Urantia." The rebellion will end when Melchizedek arrives and overcomes Caligastia at the time of harvest, depicted in Revelation:
I looked, and there was a white cloud, and sitting on the cloud
was what looked like a son of man. With a crown of gold on his
head and a sharp sickle in his hand.
Continuing on with the Teacher of Righteousness and his interpretations of scripture found in 11Q13 of the Dead Sea Scrolls, we find:
11Q13 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of the messenger who
proclaims peace, who brings good news, who proclaims salvation,
who says to Zion: Your ELOHIM reigns. (Isaiah 52:7)
It’s interpretation; the mountains are the prophets (Old Testament)
…and the messenger
is the Anointed one of the spirit concerning whom
Daniel said, Until an anointed one, a prince…(missing text). (Daniel 9:25)
(TR, Teacher of Righteousness)
To comfort all who mourn, to grant to those who mourn in Zion.
Its interpretation, to make them
understand all the ages of time…
In truth…(missing text) will turn away from Belial…by the judgments
of God, as it is written concerning him, who says to Zion; your
Elohim reigns. Zion is…, those who uphold the Covenant, who
turn from walking in the way of the people. And your Elohim is
Melchizedek, who will save them (those who uphold the
Covenant) from the hand of Belial.(TR)
(End 11Q13) As for
that which He said, "Then you shall send abroad the trumpet
in all the land." (Leviticus 25:9)
The Teacher of Righteousness tells us in his interpretation of Isaiah 52:7 that the final prophet is a "messenger" who stands on top of the mountains, the Prophets, by interpreting "all that they wrote," and who then proclaims "Your Elohim reigns." By reading between the lines one can also infer that the messenger, or final prophet makes them (the elect) understand all the ages of time in some way. The final prophet is an "anointed one" whom God has put his spirit upon. "Behold my servant…I have put My spirit upon him" (Isaiah 42:1). Elohim means divine being and is identified as Melchizedek by the Teacher. The Lord of the Old Testament is Melchizedek (when not referring to God), and he is the one who comes to deliver us at the end of the age.
The final prophet depends on the olden prophets to explain and interpret the events unfolding in the messianic age and to "make them (the elect) understand all the ages of time." The final prophet is also God’s servant of Isaiah who addresses the coastlands, and who "brings forth true religion (or the true way)" in Isaiah 42:10, which is the kingdom of heaven within. He is also the "Elijah to come before the end" of Malachi. The Urantia Book calls this prophet "another and greater John the Baptist." Why is he greater? Remember that Jesus said that "there had not been any one greater (man) than John the Baptist" but that anyone who entered the kingdom of heaven "was greater than John." This was true because John as a human being was unsurpassed. He was courageous, faithful, and steadfast, even in the face of death. But as a son of the living God, he had not yet entered the joyful and transcendent kingdom of heaven within. Therefore, greater means that the final prophet will have entered this kingdom of heaven within, which is the "true way" that he helps bring forth in Isaiah 42:1-4.
Next, consider the Teacher’s comment that "those who uphold the covenant (do God’s will), turn from walking in the way of the people." It may be necessary for those who follow God’s will, to separate themselves from the opinions, people, and possessions of our present culture to follow the truth on an isolated, lonely, and perhaps dangerous road. Family fault lines may sever; persecution, ridicule and danger could be ahead. Such painful and trying choices will act to establish our priorities and expose them to view. Choosing God’s will in the face of such trials will be the "flame of affliction," which will soften our mettle (metal) for the anvil of adversity and the hammer of mercy. And so we will count the cost and remember that this road is also called the ‘Sacred Way’, and that the ‘redeemed shall walk it.’ Consider further this road:
up, build up a highway!
Clear a road!
Remove all obstacles
From the road of My people
This "road" is referred to and described in many places and by many prophets in the OldTestament. God will be removing obstacles to its use by those who elect His will.
Isaiah 62:10 Pass
through, pass through the gates!
Clear the road for the people
Build up the highway,
Remove the rocks!
See, the Lord has proclaimed
To the end of the earth…
Your deliverer is coming!
And they shall be called "The Holy People,
The Redeemed of the Lord"
The "people" are the remnant of "Israel," the people who love God and seek his guidance within and without. The road has rocks on it that need to be removed so that "the people" can proceed to Zion, where they will meet up with the Deliverer who is the World Messiah. "The Holy People" are probably the group referred to as the elect, elsewhere. This group is made up of those who "elect" to do God’s will in the trial period when many others abandon Him. There is both a physical road and a spiritual road or way. They are fused in Isaiah’s poetic imagery.
a highway shall appear there
Which shall be called the Sacred Way…
But it shall be for His people
No traveler, not even fools, shall go astray…
But the redeemed shall walk it;
And the ransomed of the Lord return,
And come with shouting to Zion.
The "ransomed" people of God are those who stand up for and do God’s will amidst the "powers and principalities" that rule during the trial period. Many of "His people" are persecuted, and possibly imprisoned. Thus, when the Messiah arrives he pays "ransom" to release these captives who then:
Isaiah 35:10 Come
with shouting to Zion,
Crowned with joy everlasting.
They shall attain joy and gladness,
While sorrow and sighing flee
Isaiah 42:16 I
will lead the blind
By a road they did not know.
Isaiah 43:19 I (God) am about to do something new…
Suddenly you shall perceive it;
I will make a road through the wilderness
And rivers in the desert.
As we ponder this way, ‘this road’, the repeated decisions of a lifetime bring their weight to bear on the fulcrum of our will. What will we do? If we have been faithful before, we will be faithful again. The crown follows those who elect God’s will.
Isaiah 40:3 The
voice of him who cries in the wilderness, prepare
KJV the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway
for our God.
John the Baptist, took up this verse unto himself to prepare the people for the Lord Jesus’ arrival. "Another and greater John the Baptist" (UB 1866) the Final Prophet, will use this same verse to prepare the way for the Lord Melchizedek’s arrival. This highway in the desert is a literal road, the Sacred Way, that will be used by the remnants to travel to Canaan to be reunited by Melchizedek. The term God in Isaiah 40:3 is an error of designation by which Lord God is confused with Lord Jesus or Lord Melchizedek. Further about this road or highway:
Jeremiah 31:2 Set
thee up waymarks, make thee high heaps: set thine
KJV heart toward the highway, even the way which thou wentest,
turn again, O virgin of Israel, turn again to these thy cities.
Jeremiah 31:2 describes "Lost" Israel as they leave Canaan and the Lord tells them to "set up waymarks", which are the stone altars called dolmens discussed in the chapter on Isaiah. Israel (The Lost Ten Tribes) told by the Lord that someday they will use these "waymarks" as markers on the highway (The Sacred Way) to "turn again" and return to "these thy cities" of Canaan. These are modern day Christians (The Lost Ten Tribes), the remnant of "Israel" that returns to Canaan for reunion with the Jewish remnant. This highway/road is one and the same as the "highway made straight in the desert" for Lord Melchizedek, and previously for, Lord Jesus. Consider further:
that day shall there be a highway out of Egypt to Assyria,
KJV and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt, and the Egyptian into
Assyria, and the Egyptians shall serve with the Assyrians.
Here, Isaiah 19:23, we are told that there will be Egyptian and Assyrian remnants using this road as well. All who love and respect the true God will be gathered. To confirm this:
it shall come to pass that day, that the great trumpet shall
KJV be blown, and they shall come which were ready to perish in the
land of Egypt, and shall worship the Lord in the holy mount at
"In that day" and the blowing of the "great trumpet" indicate that these verses apply to the messianic end of the age. Melchizedek is said to arrive at the beginning of the tenth Jubilee, on the day of atonement, as discussed in the last sentence of 11Q13; The Coming of Melchizedek. There will be remnants coming from many countries all over the world. Their commonality will be their love and respect for God. Also note that both Egypt and modern Syria are slated to be foremost among the countries who come against Modern Israel during the near future. The leaders make the wars, but the people may still be among the faithful.
But who will make this road; this Sacred Way?
Behold, I will do a new thing; now it shall spring forth;
KJV shall ye not know it? I will even make a way in the wilderness,
and rivers in the desert.
God seems to make this road for His returning sons and daughters. He tells us:
Fear not, for I am with thee.
Isaiah 43:6 bring
my sons from afar and my daughters from the ends of
KJV the earth.
even everyone who is called by my name.
Yea, before the day was, I am, and there is none that can
KJV deliver out of my hand.
This people have I formed for myself; they shall show forth
KJV my praise.
Having completed our study of 11Q13, we will now consider the Thanksgiving Psalms of the Dead Sea Scrolls, very likely, also written by the Teacher of Righteousness.
The Teacher of
Righteousness is the founder and leader of the Qumran community beginning
sometime around 196 BC. The Qumran community is the community that dwelled in
the Judean desert; who preserved, copied, and sometimes authored the scrolls
found by the Dead Sea. Through the Thanksgiving Hymns, the Teacher of
Righteousness tells us much about his deep convictions, personal history, and
intimate relationship with God. The
Teacher of Righteousness is God’s servant and is a precursor of the Final
Prophet to come who is also God’s servant, but of our time and age. As such,
much of what the Teacher of Righteousness says about his own experiences and
convictions may be mirrored in those of the Final Prophet. Therefore, as we
read the Thanksgiving Hymns, we are
looking into the hearts and minds of both of these servants; the one who has
been and the one who will be. Consider:
Hymn 2 I will bow down and implore Thy mercy
Thanksgiving on my sins and wicked deeds,
Hymns For I have wallowed in uncleanness
and have turned aside from the council of Thy truth…
Preserve Thy servant, O God, lest he sin against Thee,
or stagger aside from any word of Thy will.
Strengthen the loins of Thy servant…
that he may walk in all that Thou lovest…
Having received forgiveness and love from God’s personal hand, the servant, the Teacher of Righteousness, devotes himself to the totality of God’s will and tells us:
Hymn 4 The
closer I approach (God),
Thanksgiving the more I am filled with zeal
Hymns against all the workers of iniquity
and the men of deceit.
For none of those who approach Thee
rebels against Thy command,
Nor do any of those who know Thee
alter Thy words…
The Teacher of Righteousness divides people into those who know God and those who do not. Anyone who knows God, will as a result, also love God and His way. God’s "commands" are the "commands" of righteousness and love. Next the Teacher tells God:
Hymn 5 Thou
hast favored me, Thy servant,
Thanksgiving with a spirit of knowledge,
Hymns that I may choose truth and goodness
and I have loved Thee freely
and with all my heart…
God has anointed His servant, the Teacher of Righteousness, with His spirit and as a result he is able to understand and penetrate the mysteries of the Holy Scriptures, as well as understand the very heart of man. (Dotted lines in this subsection are breaks in the text, not missing original text as elsewhere.)
Thou hast made known to me the counsel of Thy truth
and has taught me Thy marvelous mysteries…
and by the spirit which Thou hast given me…
Thou hast opened knowledge to me…
and Thou hast shed Thy Holy Spirit over dust…
to bring him into the company of the ‘gods’
and unite them (dust and ashes) with the Sons of Heaven.
The Teacher of Righteousness, in the last few stanzas is amazed at how God transmutes dust into spirit, the ultimate miracle of the universe of time and space. Surely, such knowledge was revealed by a bonafide and powerful experience with God. In beautiful verse, reminiscent of the beatitudes, the Teacher of Righteousness conceives of himself as:
Hymn 24 A
messenger in the season of Thy goodness,
that to the humble he might bring
glad tidings of Thy great Mercy,
proclaiming salvation from out of the fountain of holiness…
to the contrite spirit, and everlasting joy to those who mourn.
The Teacher of Righteousness knows the futility of "man’s way" from his own experience of sinfulness and error.
Hymn 12 The way of man is not established
Thanksgiving except by the spirit which God created for him
Hymns to make a perfect way for the children of men.
With such words, the Teacher of Righteousness reveals a personal understanding of the Kingdom of Heaven within, the new covenant of God and man. The Teacher of Righteousness has learned to abandon himself completely to the Will of God, through the leading of the spirit within. This verse (Hymn 12) could also be considered the first critique of secular humanism (discussed elsewhere).
Hymn 15 I
have not relied upon the works of my hands
to raise up my heart
Nor have I sought refuge
in my own strength.
I have no fleshly refuge,
and Thy servant has no righteous deeds…
But I lean on the abundance of Thy mercies
and hope for the greatness of Thy grace
Like all other prophets of God, the Teacher of Righteousness experienced ridicule, persecution, and wrath from the hand of man for telling them the truth about themselves and their world.
Hymn 13 The
wicked and fierce have stormed against me…
Hymn 14 All who have eaten my bread
have lifted their heel against me…
have mocked me with their lips.
The Teacher of Righteousness suffers greatly from spiritual, emotional, as well as physical causes. His closest friends and family have rejected him.
Thou, God, didst widen my heart
but they straighten it with affliction
I eat the bread of wailing
and drink incessant tears
Sorrow encompasses me.
Ignominy covers my face…
causing my spirit to stagger
and my strength to fail
Behold, I am carried away with the sick;
I am acquainted with scourges…
my heart laments within me
my soul languishes day and night without rest
In modern terminology, Hymn 18 could be a description of severe depression, which is often associated with sleeplessness so that "the soul languishes day and night without rest" and where the ‘heart laments within.’ Perhaps the Teacher did, and/or the Final Prophet will; suffer from severe depression. And now, the Teacher describes physical suffering as well.
Hymn 18 My
arm is torn from its socket…
My foot is held by fetters…
My arms and legs are bound by shackles…
I have no word for my disciples
to revive the spirit of those who stumble
and to speak words of support to the weary.
The last stanza above causes one to think of John the Baptist, imprisoned and chained in the dungeon waiting for death. However, this is written a hundred years before John’s time and John the Baptist was not a literary prophet as far as we know. Teacher of Righteousness is probably .not John the Baptist, but he plays a similar "character type" (a Teacher of Righteousness) as does John the Baptist. Similar "character types" recur repeatedly over the cycles of human events. The good have, until now, always gone down before evil. The evil has always occupied worldly power and has always prevailed in every age. It was probably a very predictable event, that the Son of Man would be crucified in short order (three years of public teaching). And so, prophet after prophet has gone down throughout the ages.
The Teacher of Righteousness interpreted Old Testament scripture in a unique way. He read a large part of scripture as revealing the events of the messianic latter days. Previously, the Psalms were not commonly thought to have reference to the messianic period, but the Teacher of Righteousness uses the Psalms as one of his most frequently quoted sources. This is now easy to understand for us, because The Urantia Book tells us about the close relationship between Melchizedek and the psalms writers (see chapter 1). The Teacher of Righteousness switches "Melchizedek" for "Lord" in certain passages of the Old Testament demonstrating that he was aware of the Melchizedek legacy (as told in the Urantia Book) at a time when it had been lost to view otherwise. The Teacher also specifically prophesied the personality and mission of the Son of Man. His revelatory experience was accurate and valid. His only mistake was the timing of the messianic period, which he felt was shortly forthcoming. However, this is always the error of the prophet, he does not always know the time in which his prophesies will be fulfilled. Nevertheless, the information about the messianic time period in the Dead Sea Scrolls is still valid and finds its context, I believe, in the upcoming events of today’s world. Thus, it is no coincidence that this archive of knowledge is just now laid open before us. God’s plan for us is right on track, just as we should expect. He is revealing his plan to us in a strategic way.
The Thanksgiving Psalms are among the most beautiful ever to have been penned. The Teacher of Righteousness will one day take his place in history as a prophet of the greatest degree. His writing will inspire the human race for ages to come, and his prophecy will take its place in the foundation of God’s Kingdom to come.
In addition, the Teacher of Righteousness is a perfect example of a "suffering servant" in the tradition of Isaiah’s servant songs. In general, all human beings who serve God are "suffering servants" by the nature of the world in which we happen to live (‘rebellion’ seared and isolated as per the Urantia Book). To follow God's way is also to experience the friction generated by contact with man's way. There will come a day when we will all be focusing God’s being into the inner unfolding of our lives. But for now, a short while longer, all such servants of God will suffer. In addition to the general attributes of all servants, prophetic scripture refers to specific suffering servants as well, among whom the Son of Man is foremost. Since all of the previous prophets have been "suffering servants" it is likely that the messianic prophet to come will also be. It should also be noted that in addition to Isaiah, the Psalms are a great store of information regarding "servants" as they are flooded with references to such. We now proceed to the interpretation of psalms found within the Dead Sea Scrolls. The following are excerpts from Dead Sea Scrolls, Geza Vermes.
Biblical Psalms Commentary, Dead Sea Scrolls
"be not heated against the successful, the man who achieves his plans."
Its interpretation concerns the Liar who has lead astray many
by his lying words so that they choose frivolously and heeded not
the interpreter of knowledge in order to…(missing text). They shall
perish by the sword and famine and plague.
(TR, Teacher of Righteousness)
The Liar is a specific figure in the times of the Teacher of Righteousness. The Liar is also a general character type that has shown up in all the ends of previous ages. No doubt, the personification of deceit, the Liar, will be part of this messianic time period as well. War (the Sword), famine, plague, and drought also have ended previous ages and they will undoubtedly again. The interpreter of knowledge mentioned by the Teacher of Righteousness is the end of the age, messianic prophet, also called the interpreter of the law elsewhere in the scrolls.
"Don’t be angry; it tends to evil, for the wicked shall be cut
(Psalm 37:9) 4Q171
Interpreted, all those who are stubborn in turning away from their
iniquity shall be cut off. (TR)
Only a very small percent of the overall population has anything to do with iniquity, which is repeated, knowing, and willful disobedience to God’s laws and will. Unfortunately, the handful that do, are extremely powerful and are steering the world toward conflict and disaster. Their actions contain within them the very seeds of their own destruction, but they proceed nevertheless, like moths to flame. Prophecy tells us that they will kill (cut off) one another as they are struck by their own arrows. Unfortunately, a mass of people will follow their leaders – no matter where they lead.
"But those who wait for the Lord shall possess the land."
(Psalms 37:96) 4Q171
Interpreted, this is the congregation of the elect who do His will.(TR)
The "elect," elect God’s will over their own. (My comment)
"The wicked draw the sword and bend their bow to bring down the
poor and needy and to slay the upright of way. Their sword shall enter
their own heart and their bows shall be broken." (Ps 37:45-15)
Interpreted, this concerns the wicked
of Ephraim and Manasseh,
who shall seek to lay hands on the Priest (Final Prophet) and the
men of his council (the elect) at the time of trial that will come
upon them. But God will redeem them from out of their hand.
And afterwards, they (the wicked of Ephraim and Manasseh)
shall be delivered into the hand of the violent among the
nations for judgment. (TR) 4Q171
The people who will go the most wrong in the messianic time period upcoming are the same people who went the most wrong in ancient times as well; i.e. the Northern Tribes, who are Israel, who in turn are the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, foremost among the Ten Northern Tribes. The Northern Tribes then become the Lost Ten Tribes who migrate to northern and western Europe, and then later to America, surfacing today after 2000 years as Christians, some of whom occupy the equivalent to the "promised land" of yesterday-- America. Ephraim is very probably America today and Manasseh is very probably Great Britain. The "wicked of Ephraim and Manasseh" are the leaders and power elite of these two countries.
American is Ephraim because the Lost Ten Tribes first settled in Northern and Western Europe, from there the Lost Ten Tribes later settled America. The bravest, most courageous, most freedom loving and most religious of Europe settled America. The "cream of the crop" of the entire world moved west. America is directly related to Ephraim of ancient Israel. Both America and ancient Northern Israel started out on the right tract with the love and blessings of God. When both their wealth grew, both abandoned God and went chasing after the false gods of money, sex, and power. Both had leaderships that led the people (the majority) far away from the sustenance of truth. Deceit, lawlessness and decay beset Israel and beset us today. Israel’s prophets arose and were ignored even as they were killed and imprisoned. America, like Israel, will ignore her prophets as well. The outcome will be the same, making for a precise repeat of history. The beginning is like the end. America, like the Northern Tribes, is blessed with fruitfulness, bounty, and God’s grace. Both became proud and defiant, lawless and licentious, arrogant and capricious. Both become blind, deaf, and dumb to the events around them that ultimately swallow them up. Not only is America Ephraim by heredity, but America is also Ephraim by history. It is from America and Great Britain that the most destructive leaders of Christendom will come and they will be the ones who lead the persecution of the elect. They are, and will be, "the wicked of Ephraim and Manasseh" of Dead Sea Scroll prophecy.
"Priest" referred to in this passage is another name used by the
Teacher of Righteousness to designate the messianic prophet, who is usually
called the ‘interpreter of the law.’ The
Teacher of Righteousness sees the future messianic prophet as the completion of
what he himself has become. One is a forerunner of the other. The Teacher
of Righteousness, like the messianic prophet, ‘interprets’ prophecy that
already exists. Neither are recipients of new visions of things to come. Both
the Teacher and the messianic prophet are gatherers of congregations of the
elect; both are led from within through God’s indwelling spirit. Both are
persecuted by "the wicked of Ephraim." Although not stated, perhaps
both suffer physically and emotionally in similar ways. Perhaps both are
imprisoned. Perhaps both confront iniquity boldly. Many of these
characteristics also apply to John the Baptist as well, excepting only the role
as prophetic interpreter. John the Baptist was a "Teacher of
Righteousness" character type for his time. We are told in the Urantia Book that "sooner or later
another and greater John the Baptist" will arrive, thus confirming this
model of "character types" repeated through the ages. The Final
Prophet will be like both John the Baptist and like the Teacher of
Righteousness. The messianic age is a
consummation and completion of the precursors expressed earlier in history.
The number seven symbolizes this completion and is found frequently throughout
the text of "Revelation."
Next in the Commentary on Psalms section of Geza Vermes' Dead Sea Scrolls we have Psalm 37:
"And in the days of famine they shall be satisfied, but the wicked
shall perish." (Psalms 37:19) 4Q171
Interpreted, this means that He will keep them (the elect) alive
during famine and the time of humiliation, whereas many
(others) will suffer from famine and plague, all those who have
not departed from there to be with the Congregation of His elect.
(TR, Teacher of Righteousness) (my parentheses)
Hard times will come and those that know and understand, the elect, will try to lead everyone to safety but many, and probably most, will not follow. Notice that the congregation of the elect depart from somewhere, possibly from America the home of Ephraim and the elect. God is actively leading and protecting the elect throughout this trial period, just as he did once before when He led Israel out from Egypt to Canaan. The end is like the beginning.
"Vain is it for you to rise up early and lie down late. You shall
the bread of toil; he shall feed those who love them in their sleep."
(Psalm 127:2) 4Q173
Its interpretation is that they (elect) shall seek…(missing text)
Teacher of Righteousness…priest at the end of the age…
The quote just above clearly demonstrates that the Teacher of Righteousness is referring to the future (shall), the end of the messianic age, and not his own time. He refers to the messianic prophet again as "the priest" and also as the Teacher of Righteousness, his own title. The Teacher is fully aware that he is a precursor to a latter ‘interpreter of the law’ of the messianic age.
Before leaving the study of the Psalms and the Final Prophet, I would like to present to you a deeply penetrating portrait of the Final Prophet as revealed in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Biblical Psalms. This portrait is given to us by Bobby Rich, Eliyahu (Elijah) – Online Prophet: website, www.panola.com/users/brich.
The following quote is verbatim from pages 42 through 46 of a 62-page text about a variety of prophecy subjects. The "Online Prophet", Bobby Rich identifies the Teacher of Righteousness of the Dead Sea Scrolls as John the Baptist. With this and a few other interpretations I would disagree, but for the most part I find this portrayal of the Final Prophet completely convincing. Remember, even the prophetic passages about Jesus were a "mixed bag," with some information specific to him and other information not specific to him. We shouldn’t perhaps, therefore expect a 100% match with the Final Prophet. Also note that not all of the following piece, Final Prophet, by the Online Prophet is taken from the Psalms themselves. Much of the information about the Final Prophet below is taken from the Thanksgiving Hymns by the Teacher of Righteousness of the Dead Sea Scrolls. In my opinion, some of the information in the Thanksgiving Hymns specifically reflects the life of the Teacher of Righteousness of Qumran, rather than the life-to-come of the Final Prophet. However, the lives and thoughts of the two prophets may be so similar that there may be a lot of overlap of the attributes of one to the other. With these qualifying remarks we can now begin. (The italics and bold text stylings are my own.)
Enter the Final Prophet
The third individual identified in the Thanksgiving Hymns is the latter
"Elijah" yet to be manifested, and will be considered in the next chapter.
This "Elijah" come alive is derived from the book of Malachi and the New
Testament gospels. A specific promise is made by God that He will send
ELIJAH the Prophet before the GREAT AND TERRIBLE DAY OF THE
LORD to reveal and restore all things. Some expected an actual
resurrection of Elijah but Jesus made it plain that John the Baptist was the
symbolic ELIJAH (Matthew 11:11-14) of his time and that YET ANOTHER
was to come later (Mattthew 17:10-13) preceding the yet future DAY OF THE
LORD. So much hinges on the ELIJAH to come that some Jewish believers
have a chair reserved for this individual. At least one Karaite priest
recognized the "Teacher of Righteousness" of Qumran as being the former
Baptist. This Karaite was correct! (Bobby Rich, Online Prophet)
The Final Elijah – Portrait of a Prophet
The prophet Daniel was thrown into a lion’s den. The people and the
rulers wanted to kill Jeremiah and he was placed in a dungeon like a slime
pit where he sunk into the mire. Isaiah may have been sawn apart alive.
John the Baptist’s head was served up on a platter. Elijah was forced into
exile with Ahab and Jezebel after his hide. Biblical prophets are not
always the epitome of popularity. As the Scrolls describe the final
symbolic "Elijah" prophet we see the same opposition exists to his
message, especially among the "seekers after smooth things", who prefer
their own mental delusions to the vision the prophet carries as given to
him by God. As with Elijah this Final Prophet will also be forced into
exile from his land and be hunted by those who wish to kill him.
Perhaps this "Elijah" will also have his "Ahab and Jezebel" to contend
with. The Scrolls explain that some will understand and believe him and
his vision but some will neither understand or believe him, and thereby
make a distinction between the wicked and the just. What sort of
individual would the average person expect the end of age prophet to be?
One might imagine him to be a well known evangelist, a successful
businessman with church connections, a family man, pious with an
unquestioned reputation, with many loyal friends and family members
around him for encouragement. One might also expect him to be
wise, witty, stable, and financially sound. It would help if he were young,
charismatic, and handsome in a rakish way with a lovely wife and several
well behaved children. Perhaps he would be the son of a famous tycoon or
a war hero or a respected Senator, or was the semi-retired owner of a fast
food chain and involved in human rights or environmental issues. Most of
all perhaps – he would be a SOMEBODY! Considering the Scrolls and
Psalms description this last prophet will be a disappointment to many
people, being VERY different than we might envision! In a nutshell he
appears to be a "MAN OF CALAMITIES", of stumbling rather than
success. Instead of a staunch family man and pillar of integrity we see in
this final prophet a man BETRAYED by those who "eat his bread" and
MALIGNED in gossip with a resultant loss of reputation, ridiculed and
scorned, beset by serious illnesses, financially unsuccessful, a victim of
schemers, being scourged by God for unknown reasons. He has visited the
gates of death and commonly experiences pain on an ongoing basis. He is
waiting in bitterness, sorrow, and anger for God to redeem him – and
probably asking why! Perhaps he feels like Job. This individual is even at
odds with the church group he had been connected with. Who would ever
choose such an unfortunate to be the last prophet? Perhaps only God!
Not likely any human would have made this particular choice. We would
look for stability at the very least. But it appears God does not operate
like we do, because He has chosen an individual that most of us
would likely consider "a broken vessel" just as some of the Prophet’s
friends and family do count him to be. The reader may be acquainted
with this very prophet today! As you read briefly in the introduction,
this coming prophet is beset by bad health and serious personal problems
and a variety of trials. However as time advances a different aspect will
emerge because at some point God will begin to establish and lift up
this prophet, and the prophet’s situation makes a dramatic change.
Concerning the Last Prophet’s end time vision the Scrolls indicate God at
first keeps the vision hidden and obscured. However, in the meantime
some have "borne the yoke" (made privy) to the mysteries of the
vision and BECAUSE of the vision have struck out against the
Prophet and hold him in ridicule, perhaps his church group. We see
his message as not well received by some! The attitude of these first to
know is addressed by God who instructs them to "mend their ways". The
Scrolls make no bones about the fact that the final prophet has been given
all understanding concerning the Bible. As we look at the diversity of
beliefs and doctrines among Christianity alone we can certainly see the
need for a "Plumb line" to set the Biblical meaning straight. Everyone
simply cannot be correct regardless of sincerity. The Scrolls also make it
clear that God will not allow this prophet to be put down by others
forever because in due time God Himself will strengthen the Prophet
and the mysteries he holds will no longer be hidden. What if you met
a genuine prophet who knew all of the mysteries and the prophecies of the
Bible because it was given him from God? Would you ask him the name of
the beast or what events would take place or some mystery of life you’ve
wondered about for many years? Consider what you might ask or say
because we may indeed meet this Last Prophet who is described in the
Dead Sea Scrolls by John the Baptist (Teacher of Righteousness) and his
disciples of Qumran. In addition to being called "Final Teacher of
Righteousness" in the last days he is also described as the "fountain of
knowledge" bringing rain for the thirsty. Bible students may easily equate
this prophet to the "latter rain" of the book of Joel which the "teacher of
righteousness" corresponds. As you will see, the vast majority of the
details for this coming Prophet are provided by the Baptist (the Teacher of
Righteousness) in the Thanksgiving Hymns and for the most part are
based on a specific set of Biblical Psalms. Why no one has recognized
this before is not clear but most Scrolls researchers assumed these verses
were made up by the mind of the Teacher of Righteousness. The first and
major evidence of exactly which Psalms may be seen by an examination of
the Scrolls interpretations of Psalms 37 & 45:1. In these commentaries
most of the verses are identified as concerning the Teacher of
Righteousness and the people of his council and his enemies. Upon
examination of the Psalms falling between 37 & 45 it is clear the context
continues in 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, and 43. A close examination of the
Thanksgiving Hymns of Qumran reflect a heavy correspondence with
these very Psalms. The Scrolls introduces most subjects concerning the
final Prophet based on this specific set of Psalms but expands upon them
and adds other details not found in the Psalms.
There are several portions which are inspired from Psalms 35 and 88 and
an examination of Psalms 35 & 88 show them to be very similar to Psalm
38. Psalms 44, the remainder of 45 & 88 are two of the "Sons of Korah"
Psalms which we will discuss in more detail later. Therefore it is rational
to state that the biblical Psalms which pertain to the coming prophet are
35, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, and 88 and that some of these verses will
also apply to the elect of God in the Last Days, according to the Dead
Sea Scrolls. Just as all details provided in the Scrolls are not found in the
Psalms, some details are provided in the Biblical set of Psalms which are
not found in the Scrolls. An example is the repeated admonition in Psalm
37 "not to fret" indicating the prophet has a particular problem with
fretting or anger over injustices done against him. This does not seem to be
in the Scrolls texts restored to date. Also we find in Psalm 37:25 a
statement which implies the prophet lives in a land where food is
plentiful and easy to obtain. A reverse example found in the Scrolls is
that God has caused the prophet to "dwell with the many fishers-and
with the hunters-" which connotes residence near waters for fishing and
woods for hunting. The writer finds no counterpart for this in the above
mentioned Biblical Psalms. No doubt more Scrolls information will come
to light, whether not yet reconstructed or not yet released for public use.
The Habakkuk and Nahum pesherim and other texts contain information
concerning the Prophet and the people who listen to him, especially what
appear to be later attacks and persecutions from the Wicked Priest and
men of Ephraim and Manasseh. The name "Amon" (or "No-Amon") is
equated to Manasseh (the United States/Bobby Rich) in the book of
Nahum. Fittingly No-Amon was the principle city of Egypt in its day.
John the Baptist and the Last Prophet
consider themselves (and all
people) to be "a lump of clay kneaded with a little water." The final
prophet makes it clear he has no strength, wealth, or earthly refuge
and is totally dependent upon God for support, protection and
inspiration. He is chronically ill and has been at death’s door at
some point. A distinction is made between those who will be AGAINST
the final prophet and those WHO BELIEVE AND HEED the final
Prophet. A Scrolls comment on Haakkukb 1:5 reads: this concerns the end of
days. They and the men of violence and the breakers of the covenant
will not believe when they hear all that is to happen to the final
generation from the priest in whose heart God established
understanding that he might interpret all the words of His servants
the Prophets, through whom He foretold all that would happen to His
people and the land…" The wicked and the unfaithful are most often
described as "seekers after smooth things" (likely from Isaiah 30:10) who
prefer smooth easy illusions to the real truth of the Bible. This writer
recently heard a minister state in a sermon that Jesus did not really mean
He was going to come back with a rod of iron as the Bible says. The
Scrolls commentary on the book of Habakkuk introduces this book as
concerning the final generation at the end of days and identifies the
Chaldeans (Babylonians) of Habakkuk 1:6 as the "Kittim (power block)-quick
and valiant in war-causing many to perish-all the world will fall under the
rule of the Kittim". This is the FIRST of the 3 Kittims-Kittim Babylon.
This certainly sounds like the world ruling Beast Power often mentioned
by prophecy writers and later verses serve to affirm the identity. Then of
Habakkuk 2:1-2: --"he who reads it may read it speedily" [as concerning the
Teacher of Righteousness to whom God made known all the mysteries of
the words of His servants the Prophets]…". There is a delay spoken of
in this commentary which apparently involves the "waiting" of the
prophet and uncovering of the vision, but there is no indication how far
the delay has progressed, except the obvious fact that the delay is over
when the Last Prophet becomes public. Certain of the descriptive
verses from the Thanksgiving Hymns concerning this Final Prophet
(Teacher of Righteousness) are presented along with the numbers of verses
they correspond with in the particular Psalms: Scrolls Verses
Corresponding Biblical Psalms (Physical circumstances) (Vs Nr.]
Until I’m old-until old age 37:25 [Psalm 37:25 states he is old and some
Scrolls texts on –age rules for positions suggest he would be between 50-
60 years of age] Dim eyesight from waiting 38:10 Lives among woods
and waters/fishers and hunters Poor health, pain, chronic loss of strength-
heart fails 38:3-8, 40:12 My soul has journeyed to the gates of death- 88:3
God has not placed my support in gain-no fleshly refuge- 40:17
(the Prophet’s opponents) All who have eaten my bread have lifted their
heel against me- 41:9 Opponents hate wrongfully and render evil for
good- 38:19-20 By their affliction bitterness-sorrow-ignominy 42:5, 43:5
You (God) widened my heart- they narrow my heart with affliction- 39:3
object of a treacherous tongue- 41:7 Sin, ill repute, scorn, mockery, and
byword to traitors- 40:15 Mighty men encircle me-with weapons of war
38:19, 40:12 wicked plots against the just-gnashes teeth 37:12 Those who
do not esteem me hate and despise me- 41:10 My enemies hate, speak
evil and devise my hurt- seek my life 42:10, 37:14 Object of devilish
schemes-snares- seek my destruction- 38:12
[Friends and companions] Murmuring and protest, dispute and
quarreling- 42:10 Friends and brethren driven far from me- think me a
38:11 [Concerning Religion] Devilish
scheme to exchange law in my
heart for smooth things- 37:7 Folly concerning their feast days- 42:4
(Psalm 2:4 states he used to go with the multitude that kept a pilgrim feast.
This may imply he once kept the seven Levitical old testament holy days
but no longer does, because if these were not Biblical they would be called
sin rather than folly. Considering this, he may be found among one of the
Christian groups which still keep the Levitical holy days today). The
vision is not sure, despise, no esteem-say lying prophets 42:10 The
foolish shall not know my steps proceed from You (God)-rage-byword
37:23 [The Prophet] I’ve stood in realm of ungodliness- my lot was
with the damned- You have purified me of many sins- 39:8 I am
forsaken-42:9, 43:2 You (God) did these things- 39:9 You will save me for
my steps proceed from you 37:31 I am not forsaken- 43:5 Apart from
their assembly I will bless Your name- I will announce to the assembly of
the simple (elect) the judgments by which I was scourged and to the sons
of man your wonders by which You show yourself mighty in the
"assembly of the simple" (connotes the elect while the "great assembly"
and "sons of man" used elsewhere means all people of the earth-author).
You have enlightened me from my youth- 39:9, 40:10 Hymns of praise in
my mouth- 40:3 (Ps 40:3 states this prophet will compose a new song
which many will, see and believe). Those who listen to him and believe
are called "of my council or of my covenant" and he states of this
group: simple-steadfastness to the anxious of heart- counsel of truth
and understanding to the upright- a banner to the elect of
righteousness and a discerning interpreter of wonderful mysteries to
those who practice truth and test those who love corrections, man of
peace to those who see truth-a fountain of knowledge to men of
[of the Prophet’s Exile] The
poor one was carried away in the midst of
great tribulation-(1QH).’ They have banished me from my land like a bird
from it’s nest- (1QH). [There is mention in the book of Ezekiel (chapter
24, verses 26 & 27) of a "fugitive" who declares certain news. This is a
curious chapter which seems to have certain parallels with this prophet.
Also there is a verse in 2 Thesselonians 2:3-8 which mentions someone being
away in connection with the naming/uncovering of "the man of sin"
usually thought to be the Beast leader. Interesting enough the Scrolls
Habakkuk and Psalms 127 commentary definitely speaks of pursuit of and
searching for this Prophet.
Shaking and trembling seize me-all my bones are broken
(This latter must refer to the later death of the prophet since the verses do
not concern Christ and John the Baptist who are the only other two
individuals in the hymns writings) [God establishes the Prophet] Freed
from my calamities- 37:17 Strengthen my loins, healing-restoring my
power- 41:3 Rise against my despisers- my hand against my deriders-
41:10 You will lift my horn and condemn those who assail me- 41:11 I
will be a shame and disgrace to murmurers-40:14 You will destroy men of
lies-seers of error- 36:12, 37:20 Spirit of zeal & sin to those who seek
smooth things- Saved from devilish schemes- 41:1-2 [of opponents] Their
net has taken their foot-snares catch them- 37:15 Your rebuke (God’s) shall
become my joy and gladness- 37:4 Space to my narrowed soul- My
stumbling shall become everlasting might- 37:22 Scorn of my enemies shall
become a crown of glory- Your safeguarding peace delivers my soul- 37:11
Online A few items derived solely from the set of Biblical Psalms follow: Mute
Prophet in presence of wicked-38:13-4, 39:9 He shall bring forth your
righteousness as the light, and your justice as the noonday- 37:6 "-I will
restrain my mouth with a muzzle while the wicked are before me-my heart
was hot-fire burned-" 39:1-3 –my ears You have opened-Then I said
‘Behold, I come; in the scroll of the book it is written of me, I delight to do
Your will O my God, and Your law is within my heart’. 40:6-8
Online Prophet Why the Scourge from God?
we read of this latter day prophet and see the trials and apparent
injustice he faces we might wonder why would God subject him to this
scourge? He has sinned, but is counted forgiven. As a human he continues
to sin but so do we all according to the New Testament. It is interesting
that we find this person asking the very same question over and over,
especially in Psalms 42. No doubt he is trying to please God, but keeps
asking "Why all these woes. Why am I being thrown down?" There is no
doubt from the Scrolls and the Psalms that God Himself is doing This!
Perhaps he is asking not only why but also asking God what answer can
he provide if people say "Is this the way God treats those who follow
Him?" In order to comprehend WHY we need to go back in time perhaps
three thousand years and look at the examples of a few Biblical prophets:
God required Isaiah to go about BARE FOOT AND NAKED for 3 years,
Hosea to marry a harlot to bear children, Ezekiel to lay on one side 390
days and the other 40 days, and others to do certain things to
DEMONSTRATE the point God was preparing to make. You might say
God was using VISUAL AIDS to insure peoples attention. Keeping these
demonstrations in mind, we find that once again the Scrolls commentary on
Psalms 37 (and other texts) provides the answer to this puzzle. In the
explanation of Psalms 37:14-15 the following is read: attempt to lay hands
on the priest and the men of his council at the time of trial which shall
come upon them"…Upon them we see, not just the prophet but also on
the believers. Therefore the faithful people of God will face similar
trials to those of the prophet! (God makes it easier for them by
having His prophet go through various trials before them, leading
the way, Bobby Rich). In the past God afflicted and utilized prophets in
unusual circumstances to show humanity what was to befall them. The
Scrolls indicate the trials of this prophet are only a mirror of trials
the elect of God may also experience to some extent. The betray part
also helps to explain some of the verses from Jesus which indicates coming
divisions even within the family unit which refer back to Micah chapter
seven. Perhaps also we can better begin to understand the life/death
decisions Christ speaks of often. The Scrolls and these Psalms
certainly do not paint a "smooth" picture for those who would follow
God. (Bobby Rich, Online Prophet)
the way the story is unfolding the Prophet may well be among us
Prophet today and may soon be manifested. Why does God choose one or another
for a particular job? We are informed in the Scrolls: You (God) will
establish whomsoever You choose"… (1QH).
Jesus was about to be betrayed by Judas Iscariot the Lord gave him a
sop of bread and quoted Psalms 41:9b-"the one eating my bread has lifted his
heel against me". This is a very familiar verse to all Christians the world
over. Those who carefully studied Psalms 41 however soon realized this
Psalm was not speaking of Jesus at all. By part of this verse and His own
authority Jesus predicted His betrayal, though even the first "trusted" part
could not have applied to Him. We find another instance on one of these
Psalms being applied to Jesus in Hebrews 10 beginning in verse 5 (quoting
Psalms 40:6-8): "sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you
prepared for me-Then I said ‘here I am-it is written about me in the scroll-I
have come to do your will O God-’ (NIV). The portion which reads "a
body you have prepared for me" is derived from the Septuagint and this
is the text used in Hebrews. However in most Biblical Psalms the
Masoretic (Hebrew) is used and it reads, "my ears you have pierced
(opened)", which is quoted in the scrolls pertaining to the final Prophet.
The verse certainly seems to be speaking of the Prophet and the Scrolls
while the slightly different version applied only to Christ. The personal
betrayal of the Last Prophet might be connected to the estrangement of
friends and loved ones if the betrayal involves a marital dispute. Friends
and relatives become very uncomfortable around those involved in serious
domestic disputes or divorce. "Eaten my bread" seems to connote those
who have lived in his household rather than someone who shared a picnic
lunch. There is also a time when the Prophet will be on trial but God
will not allow the prophet to be convicted. There is no evidence this
betrayal is to the death as it was for Christ. One or several of these
identifying clues might well be applied to a wide number of people but as
each is added on the odds diminish. With these Dead Sea Scrolls painting
a veritable "portrait" of the final Prophet it will be pretty difficult for a
phony "Elijah" prophet to impersonate the real one even if the Creator
would allow it. (Online Prophet, Bobby Rich)
One portion of this portrait of the Final Prophet is taken directly from the Psalms, which were inspired directly by Melchizedek 4000 years ago, at which time he already knew the future history of "Israel." Another portion is taken from the Thanksgiving Hymns written by the Teacher of Righteousness of the Dead Sea Scrolls. A large amount of Old Testament prophecy is concerned with the messianic, end of the age scenario, at a time today, when prophecy is nearly forgotten and largely ignored. Ironically, this ignorance occurs at the very time of its relevance.
The physical traits and the education of the Final Prophet are described in the Dead Sea Scrolls and are discussed earlier in this book, in the chapter on Isaiah, near Isaiah 42. One of the major roles of the Dead Sea Scrolls is to convey this hidden information about the Final Prophet over thousands of years of time, until today when the day of its usefulness and relevance comes due.
I would now like to offer my own composite sketch of God’s servant, the Final Prophet that is based on a complete analysis of the information contained in the Biblical Psalms, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the Prophets. Information from the Thanksgiving Psalms is not included here because it has been covered above and because it is not clear to me whether the Teacher of Righteousness intended his Thanksgiving Hymns as a prophesy of the final prophet to come or was speaking about himself, or both. Separating out this information we have:
God’s Servant, Final Prophet
Elijah to come (Malachi 3:23)
. another and Greater John the Baptist (UB)
. interpreter of the Law (DSC)
. the Priest (DSC)
. interpreter of Knowledge (DSC)
. God’s servant (Isaiah)
. dabela (mountain goat, large horn) 1Enoch
lentil shaped marks on body (DSC 4Q534 & Merkabah)
. marred appearance (possibly due to the lentil shaped marks above)
. thick thighs (3Enoch, Merkabah texts)
. tiny marks on thighs, different from one another (DSC 4Q534)
. Red hair (DSC 4Q534)
the 3 books, before which he knows nothing (DSC 4Q534)
. God makes known all the mysteries and revelations of His servants the
prophets to him (DSC 4Q171)
. foretells, through the interpretations of the Prophets, all that will happen to
His people and His land.(DSC)
. God teaches him knowledge and to understand His message (Isaiah 28:9).
Spirit of God alights upon him bringing wisdom, insight, valor,
. knows the secrets of men (understands their inner workings) (DSC 4Q534)
. knows the secrets of living things (Biologist?, Health Science?) (DSC 4Q534)
. reveals secrets like Most High (DSC 4Q536)
. senses truth by reverence for the Lord (Isaiah 11)
. God’s servant blind, deaf, gives no heed (Isaiah 42)
. taught from his youth by God (Psalm 71)
. mouth like a sharpened blade (Isaiah 49).
. Lord gives a skilled tongue (Isaiah 50:4)
. God rouses His servant’s ear morning by morning (Isaiah 50:4)
. opens his ears (Isaiah 50:4)
. speaks to people in a stammering jargon (?real stammer) and alien tongue
(strange, unconventional ideas ?) (Isaiah 28:11)
to make people take thought and believe in God (Isaiah 43:10)
. to magnify and glory God’s Teaching (Isaiah 49:18)
. announces happiness, good fortune, victory (Isaiah 52)
. tells Zion "Your divine being reigns." (announces Melchizedek) (Isaiah 52)
. strikes down a land with the rod of his mouth (probably the coastlands,--America?) (Isaiah 11)
. stretches forth his hand to smite Ephraim (America?) (DSC 4Q171)
. announces good fortune to Judah (their Messiah/Melchizedek is come) (Nahum 2:1)
. reconciles fathers and sons (Micah 3:23)
. to form God a company (congregation, those who elect God"s will) (Psalms 37:23)
. interprets the words of God’s Prophets (1QHabakkuk DSC)
. foretell what will happen to God’s people through interpretation of Prophets (1QHabakkuk DSC)
. to make them understand all the ages of time (DSC 4Q534)
. brings back Jacob (reunifies Lost Israel and Judah/Jews) (Isaiah 49)
. be a light to nations (Isaiah 49)
. teaches coastlands (USA ?) (Isaiah 42)
. establishes true way (the Kingdom of heaven within) (Isaiah 42)
. his wisdom comes to all peoples (4Q541 DSC)
Eyes fail at some point in his ministry (Psalms 119)
. Eyes grow dim (Psalms 88)
. man of suffering, familiar with disease (Isaiah 53)
. smitten, lies awake at night (Psalms 102)
. afflicted before learns God’s statutes (Psalms 119)
. evil disease poured out on him (Psalms 41)
. lies in a bed of languishing (Psalms 41)
. bed fast, illness (Psalms 41)
. changed and transformed by God in his illness (Psalms 41)
. bent and bowed down(?posture), mourning all day (?severe depression)(Psalms 38)
does not cry out or shout (Isaiah 42)
. shall not break bruised reed or snuff out a dim wick – (lifts up any that have
even only a flicker of faith left) (Isaiah 42)
. hid away by God in His hand (comes from out of nowhere) (Isaiah 49)
. he falls, but is lifted back up by God (Psalms 37)
. stumbles (Psalms 35)
. knows God’s love, mercy and kindness personally.
. Knows God will deliver him, trusts (Psalms 91, Amplified Bible)
. Love’s God’s words (Psalms 119)
. Calls on God in distress and is answered (Psalms 138)
. consumed by zeal for God (Psalms 119)
. very persistent and determined – ‘face set like flint’(Isaiah 50)
. no charm, despised and shunned by men (Isaiah 53)
. Says repeatedly in Psalms ‘God is my rock' (servant’s self-understanding, multiple Psalms:18, 40, 41, 62, 71, 92, 144)
. in God’s presence at night (Psalms 88)
. God saves him ‘from a pit and sets his feet upon rock’ (Psalms 37)
. delights to do God’s will (Psalms 40)
. muzzles his mouth and guards his ways in the presence of the wicked so that
he will not ‘sin with his mouth’ against the
wicked (detests sin, iniquity) (Psalms 39)
. God records ‘his wanderings, put his tears in His bottle’ in His book (his life
is laid out before him in scripture, where he reads about himself and
his troubles) (Psalms 56)
. all the days of his life written in His book (the Bible) before he is born (Psalms 138)
. ‘stammering jargon’ (? stammers) (Isaiah 28)
. ‘alien tongue’ ( strange, unheard of ideas, verbiage unfamiliar ) (Isaiah 28)
. is a prophet from the midst of his brethren like Moses (Deuteronomy 18:15)
. A sure clue to be given to his identity (?) (Deuteronomy 18:15, footnote Amplified Bible)
. teaches logically ‘precept upon precept, line upon line, here a little and there a little’ (Isaiah 28)
. justice the girdle of his loins (Isaiah 11)
. faithfulness the girdle of his waist (Isaiah 11)
. chosen before birth (Isaiah 49)
. feels at one point that ‘he has labored in vain’ (Isaiah 49)
. ‘would have dwelt in the land where there will be silence’ (? exiled from America) (Psalms 92)--
. except for God’s help to bring him to ‘a dry and weary land where no water is.’ (desert exile described) (Psalms 63)
. hated by many without a cause (those who hate God hate him) (Psalms 69)
. becomes a ‘stranger to his brethren’ and alien to his siblings (strange ideas,
caught up in zeal for his
tasks) (Psalms 69)
. jeered at, humiliated (Psalms 71)
. at times acts foolishly and blunders (Psalms 69)
. loved ones, friends, stand afar off, aloof (can not understand him) (Psalms 38)
. challenges authority – ‘who dare contend with or be my opponent’ (Isaiah 52)
. Kings (rulers) silenced because of him (reveals to them their negative
standing and destiny according to prophecy) (Isaiah 52)
. grows (spiritually) like a tree-crown by God’s favor. (Isaiah 53)
. speaks to God’s people about deep things and future events (DSC 4Q268 fg. l)
. God will hold accountable all those who will not hear his words (DSC 4lQ175)
. ? goes to prison (Psalms 142)
. is a speedy scribe (writes quickly ?), who must read and interpret prophecy while ‘on the run’ (Habakkuk)
We now have quite a bit of information and should be able to recognize the final prophet with a fair degree of certainty based on these characteristics. Though again, we probably should not expect a 100% match up.
Much of what the servant goes through also applies to those who elect God’s will because they too will be called ‘to walk not in the way of the people’ (DSC) and to leave behind family, friends, lovers, and material possessions. The Thanksgiving Psalms are an expression of the suffering, as well as the joy, for those who would choose this path. Emily Dickinson refers to this way as the ‘interdicted way’ because it is a path reviled and ridiculed in man’s world, although sacred and exalted in God’s. When we are called to follow God’s way we are also called to leave behind man’s. We must count the cost, weigh the balance, and make the choice. How we choose and why we choose determine what we will become.
For now, we leave our study of the final prophet for a further exploration of the Scrolls and their relevance to the subject of:
There are many references in the Dead Sea Scrolls to a community living in the "latter day" messianic period who are said to "elect" God’s will. Let’s see what information we can extract from the Teacher’s inspired interpretations about the elect from the Dead Sea Scrolls. Again we quote from Dead Sea Scrolls, by Geza Vermes.
"Why do the nations rage and the peoples meditate vanity? Why
do the Kings of the earth rise up, and the princes take counsel together
against the Lord and His Messiah" (Psalm 2:1)
(Interpreted) This shall be the time of trial to come concerning the
Judah so as to perfect…(missing text) They shall practice the whole
law…Moses. This is the time which it is written in the book of Daniel
the Prophet. (TR)
"But the wicked shall do wickedly and shall not understand, but
the righteous shall purify themselves and make themselves white."
(Interpreted) The people who know
God shall be strong. They are the
masters who understand. (TR)
Clearly, the Teacher conceives of a strong and knowledgeable group in the messianic period, just as he understands his own Qumran community as the elect congregation of his own time. They are the faithful, the persecuted, and the exiled group who understand events and who demonstrate the living of God’s will in action.
"…and the stressful constraint and the ordeal of the pit and they
Fragment 2 shall be refined by them to become the elect of righteousness…
because of His loving-kindness. For the age of wickedness is
complete and all injustice has passed away. For the time of
righteousness has come and the earth is full with the knowledge
and praise of God. (Teacher of Righteousness)
He (God) shall raise up the throne of the Kingdom, and intelligence is
greatly exalted...(probably interpreted by the Teacher of Righteousness)
The "pit" here represents the snares and assaults of the workers of iniquity, identified as the leaders of Ephraim (America) in the "latter days." Again, we see the refining theme, and for the first time we are told that "intelligence" will be exalted. The wise men of today’s world will be seen in retrospect as fools, and the ridiculed ones who know and understand God’s plan will be seen as the "wise." The upside down world turned right side up!
Continuing on with the elect, it should be noted that the Teacher of Righteousness was well-aware of the danger of self-pride inherent in the concept of an "elect" group. He countered this by emphasizing their frailty and total dependence on God. It is God who is elected by these people:
1QH Hymn 19
Clay and dust that I am.
what can I devise unless Thou wish it,
and what contrive unless Thou desire it?
What strength shall I have
unless Thou keep me upright
and how shall I understand
unless by the spirit which Thou hast shaped for me?
I lean on Thy grace
and the multitude of Thy mercies…
For the source of His righteousness
is my justification…
Thou hast upheld me with certain truth…
(Teacher of Righteousness)
As stated before, but emphasized again, God chooses us all but only some of us choose Him:
For without Thee no way is perfect and without Thy Will nothing is done.
Community (Teacher of Righteousness)
This is essentially the religion of Jesus himself, one hundred years before his birth. Jesus stated this truth in a slightly different way using seven words in complete perfection:
Thy Kingdom come, thy Will be done. (Lord's Prayer)
Further on the elect:
4Q381 Fr. 46
Man will not be strong and will not rise
Apocryphal …and Thou has tested all.
Psalms And the elect, like offerings, Thou wilt
purify before Thee…
He has chosen you (the elect) instead of powerful peoples
and great nations to be his people to rule over all…
…heaven and earth.
and as the highest above all the nations of the earth.
Again, the theme of the purification of the elect is seen in the first stanza, and in the second stanza, the elect are chosen for dominion over the earth in preference to the "great and powerful." Turning from the elect, we will now explore other prophecies about the "latter days" contained in Commentaries on Nahum, 4Q166-167, Dead Sea Scrolls.
4Q166 "Woe to the city of blood; it is full of lies and rapine" (Nahum 3:1)
Teacher of Interpreted, this is the city of Ephraim, those who seek smooth
Righteousness things during the last days, who walk in lies and falsehood.
I’m afraid Ephraim is America. America is the modern counterpart of Northern Israel of 700-800 BC. Both chase after the false gods of wealth, power and sex. America is a country populated by the offspring of the Lost Ten Tribes of yesterday. History ends where it began, so many years ago; and again it is the most favored, the most blessed, Ephraim who goes astray. "America, O beautiful, God shed His grace on Thee!" We have gone from "In God we trust" to the "God almighty dollar" in just two hundred years!
The "city of Ephraim" that is full of lies and deceit may be Washington, D.C. which is also known as the "den of iniquity." Such places of concentrated evil end in the seeds of their own destruction. Perhaps those nuclear secrets, we have been so diligent to give to our enemies will be our undoing. And just as in ancient days, "the people," the majority, follow along dancing a merry tune – oblivious and exultant. Even more frighteningly, we next have:
prowler is not wanting, noise of whip and noise of rattling
wheel, prancing horse and jolting chariot, charging horseman, flame
and glittering spear, a multitude of the slain and a heap of carcasses. There is
end to the corpses; they stumble upon their corpses."(Nahum 3:1-3)
Interpreted, this concerns the dominion of those who seek smooth
Righteousness things from the midst of whose assembly the "sword of the nations
shall never be wanting." Captivity, looting, and burning shall be
among them, and exile out of dread for the enemy…there shall be no
end to their slain.
Again, this is Ephraim suffering the harvest of the seeds that are being sown now. The Chinese are being given control of the Panama Canal. Their weapons have a limited range, but with the Panama Canal, they’ll have good access to our cities. We have led the Chinese to our highest weapons technology. We open the door, show them inside and tell them where to look and what to look for. All of a sudden, China is a significant nuclear force which is growing rapidly. Where is their American made nuclear technology aimed at? Thirteen American cities at last count. Quite a mystery how these things happen, don’t you agree? Also notice that "exile" is in the stars for some of God's people from our country – just like the Babylonian days. This "exile" during war may be the trigger for the elect to go into hiding with the help of divine guidance, which will operate to protect these people and any others, who will listen. Prophecy says that many Americans will not heed their warning, just as the people didn’t heed in the time of the Babylonians, the Assyrians, and the Romans. History replayed, for the last dance of man’s dull-witted sovereignty.
4Q169 I will
cast filth upon you and treat you with contempt and render
you despicable, so that all who look upon you shall flee from you.
Interpreted, this concerns those
who seek smooth things, whose evil
Righteousness deeds shall be uncovered to all Israel at the end of time…When
the glory of Judah shall arise, the simple of Ephraim shall form
their assembly…and shall join Israel.
Many deep, dark secrets are hidden in our country’s basement, which will come out in the open for all to see. The simple of Ephraim are probably Christians who are deceived by the leaders,but upon realization of this deceit they join Israel (the elect remnant) and Judah, the Jewish remnant which is in the process of reuniting now.
4LQ166 Interpreted, this concerns Manasseh in the final age, whose Kingdom
shall be brought low by (Israel?)…(Teacher of Righteousness commenting
on Nahum 3:10) (Manasseh is probably Great Britain – the second most
blessed tribe of Israel, my comment)
4LQ166 "You shall be drunk and shall be stupefied" (Nahum 3:11)
Interpreted, this concerns the wicked of Ephraim, whose cup
shall come after Manasseh. (TR)
Our fearless leaders of deceit will go down after Great Britain’s kingdom is brought low. (My comment)
Because of the many harlotries of the well- favored harlot, the mistress
seduction, she who sells nations through her harlotries and families
through her seductions. (Nahum 3:4)
Interpreted, this concerns those who lead Ephraim astray, who
lead many astray through their false teaching, their lying tongue,
and deceitful lips – kings, princes, priest, and people, together with the
Stranger who joins them. Cities and families will perish through their
There’s that "city" word again. There is a lot of prophecy about whole cities being destroyed. Population centers are not going to be a very safe place to be. I believe Nahum is referring to Ninevah of ancient times in 3:4. The Teacher surely knows about ancient Ninevah but chooses to interpret this verse as applying to the future (to him) messianic period. If so, America’s power elite (the wicked of Ephraim) are those referred to who "sell nations," "lead many astray," and who lead Ephraim (America) astray.
Next we move to the Habakkuk Commentary, Dead Sea Scrolls 1QpHab.
1QpHabakkuk "How long, O Lord, shall I cry for help and Thou not hear?" (Habakkuk 1:1-2)
Interpreted, this concerns the beginning of the final generation.(Teacher of Righteousness)
This final generation is the final generation of this the Adamic Age, the end of the age of man’s sovereignty, our age, the messianic age. God’s answer to Habakkuk follows:
1QpHab Behold the nations and see, marvel and be astonished; for I
accomplish a deed in your days, but you will not believe it when told.
Interpreted, this concerns
those who were unfaithful together with
the Liar, in that they did not listen to the word received by the (future)
Teacher of Righteousness (Final Prophet) from the mouth of God. And it
concerns the unfaithful of the New Covenant (Christians) in that they have
not believed in the Covenant with God and have profaned His Holy Name.
And likewise, this saying is to be interpreted as concerning those who
will be unfaithful at the end of days. They, the men of violence and
the breakers of the Covenant, will not believe when they hear all
that is to happen to the final generation from the Priest (the
messianic prophet) in whose heart God set understanding that he
might interpret all the words of His servants the Prophets, through
whom (the Prophets), he (the final prophet) foretold all that would
happen to His people and His land (?America) (My parentheses)
This is an extremely important passage written by the Teacher of Righteousness. Through his inspired revelation of truth from God, probably through collaboration with Melchizedek, he tells us that his interpretations concern both his present time, as well as "the end of the days." Character types and event patterns repeat themselves, each end of the age time period has a little different outward appearance, but has the same inner conflicts of the human condition being played out. Also, in this same passage we are explicitly told that the messianic prophet (the Priest) will in part operate by interpreting "all the words of God’s servants the Prophets" through whom God foretells "all that would happen to His people and His land" in the last days. This prophet strikes down Ephraim with the rod of his mouth, where Ephraim has been previously identified in these writings as America. This fits with the prophet, God's servant, addressing the ‘coastlands’ in the servant passage of Isaiah 42:1. The information contained in the Old Testament prophetic scripture is under lock and key, sealed until the key is provided by God to the messianic prophet who is therefore called "the interpreter of the law" the law here being the Prophets of Old. This key is an "understanding" set by God in the "heart" of the Priest, the final prophet. This understanding unfolds naturally from within, as the Priest progresses in his personal spiritual journey; there are no visions, no dreams, no trances, no channeling – just faith, effort, obedience, and the desire to do God's will. Also, note carefully that the Teacher of Righteousness of the Dead Sea Scrolls identifies "those that will not believe when told," about the events prophesied to occur in the latter days as "the unfaithful of the New Covenant." Those of the New Covenant are Christians of today. This buttresses our previous identification of Lost Israel as Christendom and Ephraim as America. Continuing with the Habakkuk commentary, the TR continues to interpret scripture:
1QpHab For behold, I rouse the Chaldeans (Babylonians), that bitter and hasty
nation. (Habakkuk 1:6)
Interpreted, this concerns the Kittim who are quick and valiant in
war, causing many to perish. All the World shall fall under the
dominion of the Kittim, and the wicked…(missing text) they shall not
believe in the laws of God. (TR)
The Kittim are
any of a number of those who come against "God’s people." At the time
of Habakkuk the Kittim were the Babylonians, at the time of the Teacher, the
Kittim would have been Rome. Note again
that prophecies can be applied to more than one time period. Today, the Kittim may be China or
Russia, or both. Here are some more clues about the Kittim of today.
1QpHab …the Kittim inspire all the nations with fear and dread. Their evil plotting
is done with intention and they deal with all the nations in cunning and
guile. (Teacher of Righteousness)
"Their horses are swifter than leopards and fleeter than evening wolves.
Their horses step forward proudly and spread their wings; they fly from
afar like an eagle avid to devour. All of them come for violence; the look
on their faces is like the east wind." (Habakkuk 1:8-9)
Interpreted, this concerns the Kittim who trample the earth with their
horses and beasts. They come from afar, from the islands of the sea, to
devour all the peoples like an eagle which can not be satisfied, and they
the peoples with anger and wrath and fury and indignation. For
it is as He said, the look on their faces is like the east wind. (TR)
Like Enoch, we find here a clear reference to air flight, in the context of war, just as described in Enoch earlier in this book. The Teacher of Righteousness emphasizes the bold type phrases just above (that are otherwise my emphasis). Superficially, this prophecy seems to refer only to the Babylonians, but with deeper insight and analysis the Teacher of Righteousness also interprets this to refer to the "last days," as clearly indicated by the reference to air flight. The reference to "eagles" points to the United States, but the "east wind" reference points to China. Perhaps another clue:
Interpreted, they (Kittim) encircle them with a mighty host, and out of
fear and terror they deliver themselves into their hands. They (Kittim)
destroy (their captives) because of the sins of their inhabitants.
(Teacher of Righteousness) (Habakkuk 1:10)
A "mighty host" sounds like a large number of soldiers. These Kittim are callous and heartless as well.
Interpreted, (Habakkuk 1:11) this concerns the commanders of the Kittim
who, on the council of the House of Guilt, pass one in front of another,
their commanders come to lay waste the earth. (Teacher of Righteousness)
Interpreted, (Habakkuk 1:12) this saying means that God will not destroy
His people by the hand of the nations; God will execute the judgment
of the nations by the hand of His elect. And through their chastisement
all the wicked of His people shall expiate their guilt who keep His
Commandments in their distress. For it is said (of the elect), too pure of eyes
to behold evil:
Interpreted, this means that they (the elect) have not lusted after their eyes
During the age of wickedness. (Teacher of Righteousness)
I’m not sure who the "House of Guilt" is. In times past, it was thought (I think erroneously) that the Kittim, the enemies of God’s people, were brought by God against His people to punish them. In fact, it was and is our own actions, which bring on such calamities. God does not punish, he desires only that we walk in the truth and beauty of His Way. He desires joy for His children, but our lack of obedience in many cases has taken us off His Path. Why do we blame God for our own failings? I observe that very often in life we turn against those who have tried the hardest to help us. It is painful to look at our own failings, but only because we expect and pretend that we are and should be perfect. Liberty is the knowledge that we are expected to be and have been created imperfect. Mistakes are expected and actually are necessary for learning. Learning is our real reason for being. Learning, growing and changing into an ever more beautiful expression of God’s (and our own) truth, beauty and goodness.
The Teacher of Righteousness again explains that rather than God bringing the Kittim against its people, He (God) will turn the tables on the power elite and instead "execute the judgment of the nations by the hand of His elect." The elect we are told have eyes "too pure to behold evil." Truly, such as these are worthy children of the Father.
The teacher of Righteousness continues with commentary on Habakkuk 2:12-13:
1QpHab the spouter of lies led many astray...he raises a congregation built on
deceit…who vilified and outraged the elect of God. (Teacher of
The Spouter of Lies, the Liar, and probably the Wicked Priest all seem to represent the same sort of person. He is a type, and since we are at the end of the completion of The Age, this "Liar" type and all other types of this period will be represented by the zenith and full completion of their historical precursor types of the past. The Liar will be more deceitful, the Kittim more merciless and the remnants more worthy than ever before. But finally, the age initiated by the failure of Adam will conclude, bringing its harvest of both good and evil to judgment, thus making ready the field for plowing and reseeding when "the waters that cover the sea and the earth will be filled with the knowledge and glory of the Lord." (Hab. 2:14) Let’s now turn to the Teacher’s commentary on Isaiah, 4Q161-5.
"For ten acres of vineyard shall produce only one bath, and an omer
of seed shall yield but one ephah." (Isaiah 5:10)
Teacher of Interpreted, this saying concerns the last days, the devastation
Righteousness of the land by sword and famine.
My people go into exile for
want of knowledge, and their noblemen
die of hunger and their multitude is parched with thirst…the nobility of
Jerusalem and her multitude go down, her tumult and he who rejoices
in her. (Isaiah 5:11-14) (Teacher of Righteousness)
Jerusalem and much of modern Israel are primarily secular in their outlook at this point in time. They have drifted away from God for "want of knowledge" and the truth of God. The majority of these people of modern Israel will suffer drought, famine, and military disaster as a result. Only a small faithful remnant of Judah which is comprised of some who stay in Jerusalem during war and some who are gathered from exile when Melchizedek arrives in Bozrah (located in Southern Jordan). In addition to the two components of the Judah (Jewish) remnant, there will be added the Israel remnant of faithful Christians, among whom will be the elect, who:
Shall take refuge in Thy house…Amid the rage of the enemies of Thy
Fr 3-5 people…and all the peoples of Thy lands shall know that Thou hast
Samuel created them (the elect)…and the multitudes shall understand that this
Apocryphon is Thy people…Thy holy ones whom Thou hast sanctified. (Teacher of
All who would come, can come. ‘Who ever does my will, let him eat and be satisfied,’ says the Lord (Genesis). Doing God’s will, many times requires self-sacrifice of our goals, our desires, our pride, our anger, our grudges, our self-image, our possessions, our money, our time, and our plans. On the surface this looks like a "raw deal." What "idiot" would even consider it? And so, most of us wait until we are flat on our backs, down for the count, trapped, desperate, hopeless, and in despair before we open our eyes and see above us, for the first time, the stars of heaven, and hear that silent voice of God, ‘follow this way, follow this way.’ When you are flat on your back, there’s no other choice, the "deal" looks pretty good now. The bottom of a pit is the humble starting place of true wisdom.
The above scrolls were quoted from Geza Vermes, Dead Sea Scrolls, published in 1997 for the first time in the United States. As there is ongoing progress in the decipherment and discovery of the scrolls, we will now examine a New Translation, The Dead Sea Scrolls; Michael Wise, Abegg & Cook, published 1999. The first excerpt chosen is from the Vision of Daniel, 4Q243- 245.
that time those who are called by name shall
4Q244 from among the Gentiles…( Teacher of Righteousness italic comment)
A gathering of some kind is foretold – perhaps the formation of a
sect? (comment, Michael Wise, author)
This passage clearly refers to the elect who are explicitly stated to be gathered from among the Gentiles. Why Gentiles is capitalized I don’t know, but I do know that these Gentiles are Christians at the end of the age, the Long Lost Israel of ancient days. Further:
4Q 246 … until the people of God arise, then all
will have rest from
warfare…the great God will be their help…( Teacher of Righteousness)
According to Enoch, the end of the age scenario is explicitly for the spiritual progress of the elect, in order to give them the opportunity for full growth and expression of their maturing faith and wisdom. Only then does it make sense that when "the people of God arise; then all will have rest from warfare." Once the main purpose is achieved (the arising of the people of God) the destructive events are brought to an end through the very efforts of this same people, in partnership with God and Melchizedek.
4Q177 but the
angel of God’s truth will help all the Children of Light from the
power of Belial…and to scatter them in a dry and desolate land. This
is a time of tribulation that…(missing text) but the righteous are always
beloved, and the great power of God is with them, helping them against
the spirits of darkness…
but all the Children of Light will be gathered in… (author of this
is probably the Teacher of Righteousness)
"How long shall my enemy exult over me?" (Psalms 13:1)
This refers to the inner endurance of the men of…(missing text) in
the Last Days, for…to test them and purify them…(probably Teacher
The elect are secluded in a desert at some point during the time of tribulation. God is actively protecting those who follow His will, possibly through the agency of Melchizedek. The people of God are being tested, tried and refined.
Let’s collect a few more comments on the final prophet, from the Teacher of Righteousness.
passage (2 Samuel 7:11-14) refers to the Shoot of David, who is to
Col.3 arise with the Interpreter of the Law who will arise in Zion (all those
who serve God) in the Last Days…(Teacher of Righteousness)
The Teacher of Righteousness predicts at least two messiahs or anointed ones at the end of the age. One is the final prophet and the other is the Branch of David who will deliver Israel. I believe that the Branch of David is a misconceived notion of the Messiah, who is instead the divine being Melchizedek. These false ideas about David are so ingrained in the Jewish tradition that even the bright light of revelation fails to wash them away from scripture.
will raise up for them a prophet like you (Moses) from among
their own people; I will put My words in his mouth and he shall speak
to them everything that I command. Anyone who does not hear the
words that the prophet shall speak in My name, I Myself (God) will
hold accountable." Deuteronomy 18:18-19.
By including this passage from Deuteronomy among other discussion about the final prophet, the Teacher reveals to us that this statement made by the Lord to Moses was in reference to this same final prophet. In similar fashion he includes a quote from Numbers 24:15-17.
"The oracle of Balaam Son of Beor (prophesies) that the oracle of
man (the prophet) who sees clearly, the oracle of one who hears the
word of God, and knows the knowledge of the Most High, who sees
the vision of the almighty, who falls down, but with his eyes uncovered:
I see him but not now, I behold him but not near – a star shall come
out of Jacob and a scepter shall rise out of Israel." 4Q175
The star would seem to be the final prophet and the scepter the Messiah; Melchizedek, "King of Righteousness." Next consider:
"Speaks of a particular person as the ‘chosen one’ – chosen it is
to be a Revealer of God’s secrets to others…There is a prophecy given
of a mighty priest who will arise and ‘reveal hidden mysteries’ and
whose teaching is ‘like the Will of God’ – much like the ‘chosen one’
of this text" (4Q534, 435 & 536) (comment by author Michael Wise,Dead
The commentary above, by the authors of the Dead Sea Scrolls; Michael Wise, et al., introduces several paragraphs in the Dead Sea Scrolls detailing physical traits, education, and other descriptions regarding this final prophet. These verses are discussed and presented in the chapter on Isaiah, near Isaiah 42.
Now let’s look at a fascinating scroll, 4Q246, A Vision of the Son of God. Quoting from Michael Wise, Dead Sea Scrolls we have:
small text "speaks of a powerful figure who shall appear in a time
of tribulation and be called, ‘the Son of God’ and the ‘Son of the Most
High’ and whom all nations shall obey…The tyrant’s son will succeed
him and will begin to accrue to himself the honor due only to God. Yet
the reign of Father and Son will be brief." (Teacher of Righteousness)
4Q246 Also his son will be called The Great and
be designated by his name.
He will be called the Son of God…But like meteors that you saw in
your vision so will be their kingdom. They will reign only a few short
years over the land, while people tramples people and nation tramples nation.
This trampling is reminiscent of "nation will rise against nation" from the Gospels of the New Testament. Also, we are explicitly told that the Teacher of Righteousness had a vision of the last days. This vision is the source of his insight into scripture interpretation. The "Antichrist" is called the Great, Son of God, and Son of the Most High. "All nations shall obey him" indicates great, although brief power.
Deliverance from distress
finally comes when the people of God
arise, bringing peace and prosperity. God is working through them
and in them and His rule shall finally prevail. (Author’s comment,
the people of God arise; then all will have rest from warfare.
DSC Their kingdom will be an eternal kingdom, and all their paths will
be righteous. They will judge the land justly, and all nations will
make peace. Warfare will cease from the land, and all the nations
shall do obeisance to them. The great God will be their help, He
Himself will fight for them, putting peoples into their power,
overthrowing them all before them. God’s rule will be an
eternal rule and all the depths of [the earth are His].
This gives a few more details on the reign of the "Antichrist" figure. He will call himself the "Son of God," he will reign but a "few" years, all the nations will obey him, he will be part of a father and son team, and will be beaten by God’s help through the elect. (Teacher of Righteousness)
Another possibility is that this father and son team is a reference to Antiochus the Great and son Antiochus Epiphanes IV and has nothing to do with the ‘latter days’ of today. Uncertainty is part of every venture for truth.
Having completed our study of the Dead Sea Scrolls, let’s continue on the theme of the Antichrist using the information from Daniel and Revelation.
Let’s first consider the fourth beast, the final political and military dominion of our age. We can list the facts rendered from the various sources as indicated.
Fourth Beast – Ten Horns (rulers) Daniel 7
2. Terrible & dreadful, devour whole earth Daniel 7
3. Great iron teeth Daniel 7
4. Different from other three prior dominions Daniel 7
5. Devours, stamps and tears in pieces Daniel 7
6. Killed, thrown in flames Daniel 7
7. Iron/clay feet with 10 toes Daniel 2
8. Strong (iron) & weak (clay), will not hold together Daniel 2
9. Claws of bronze Daniel 7
10. Ten kings/rulers Daniel 7
11. Great red dragon Revelations 12 & 13 7 heads, 10 horns, 7 crowns
12. Makes war on God’s remnant Revelation. 12 & 13
13. Looks like leopard feet like bear mouth like lion Revelation 12 & 13
14. Authority from dragon (devil) Rev. 12 & 13
15. One head wounded and heals Rev. 12 & 13
16. Worship given to beast & dragon Rev. 12 & 13
My only comment here is that clay may indicate democracy and iron may indicate authoritarian power distribution. Democracy (clay) causes the foundation (feet) of this mixed power distribution to fail. People in democracies will not go ‘easily into the night’ without struggle and resistance. Lastly, the Fourth Kingdom is crushed by a stone, which breaks loose by itself from a cliff and shatters the final kingdom of man’s sovereignty as revealed in Daniel 2, the "smiting of the Great Image." This means that divine intervention is needed to overcome the Fourth Kingdom and the Antichrist. From then on blessings are poured down on the earth and mankind under the new sovereignty of the Messiah/Melchizedek. (As I watched on T.V. -- bombing, after bombing, after bombing of the same sites in Kosovo, over, and over, again. I could not help but think of "trampling, crushing, and tearing into pieces" as we all stood by and watched.) Now let’s list the characteristics of the "Antichrist" figure sketched out in Daniel and Revelation.
Little horn – pushes over three out of ten rulers from the inside. Daniel 7
2. Fearful destructiveness Daniel 8
3. Power not his own Dan 8
4. Shall succeed Dan 8
5. Cunning Dan 8
6. Deceit prospers Dan 8
7. Magnifies himself Dan 8
8. Rises up against prince of princes Dan 8
9. Broken by no human hand Dan 8
10. Seems greater than his fellows Dan7
11. Speaks great things Dan 7
12. Wars with saints Dan 7
13. Wears out and prevails over saints Dan 7
14. Speaks words against Most High Dan 7
15. Changes times & laws (or the law) Dan 7
16. Time, times, half duration Dan 7 they are given into his hand
17. Has eyes of a man Dan 7
18. Mouth speaks great things Rev 13
Now lets make a list for "Babylon," already referred to in the Dead Sea Scrolls as the "harlot" who sells families and nations:
1. Famous Revelation 17
2. Prostitutes itself Rev 17
3. Great city Rev 17
4. Near many waters Rev 17
5. A woman on the Beast. Mother of Rev 17 Obscenity and Abominations
6. Rules over Kings of East Rev 17
7. Beast hates Babylon/prostitute Rev 17
8. Beast destroys with fire Rev 17
9. All nations drunk with the wine Rev 17 of her lust
10. World grows rich from her lust Rev 17
11. People called to ‘come out from Her!’ Rev 17
12. Struck down in one day Rev 17
13. Kings cry over Rev 17
14. Business men mourn her, Rev 17 her many goods gone
15. Misdeeds against God’s people Rev 17
Babylon is a rich, commercial center of the world. Businessmen love her for her markets and profit opportunities. She is famous and powerful and rules over (is stronger than) other countries (Kings of the East). She will sell anything (harlot) (Including people and weapons) to anyone in the world as long as there is profit in it. She is hated for her power, pride and wealth by the developing world order (see #7 above), on the back of which she rides supreme temporarily. While she is giddy and drunk with power, wealth, and lust, the world order suddenly turns on her destroying her in one day with "fire." In addition, the Dead Sea Scrolls links the harlot (Babylon) with the end of the age leaders of Ephraim, who are those most blessed with God’s bounty, power, and fruitfulness. Ephraim is part of Lost Israel, previously identified as Christendom. Ephraim’s leaders are "wicked, lustful, and arrogant who seek smooth things (lies)" and are ruled by The Liar. Ephraim is probably America. Babylon is probably America, or possibly an American city. New York and Washington D.C. come first to mind. "Cities and families shall perish through their (the wicked of Ephraim, the leaders) council." (4Q169, Dead Sea Scrolls)
Because of the many harlotries of the well favored harlot, the
mistress of seduction, she who sells nations through her harlotries
and families through her seductions.
Babylon (the harlot) fits the United States of America, also known as Ephraim. At present, the USA is still sitting on top of the world order (the beast). However, this developing world order really hates America (the harlot) because of her arrogance, power, and wealth. Caligastia (the little horn) is behind the scenes and he has successfully subverted the three governments of China, Russia, and the USA. This is done from the inside and thus the little horn pushes up from beneath and undermines these three governments/rulers. It is necessary to destroy America because she is too free, too powerful, and too haughty. This is why there is a concerted effort to weaken America’s moral fiber, military, and educational systems. This is why America has, not so secretly, intentionally transplanted our high technology to China. China and possibly Russia are being prepared to take leadership of the newly developing world order. Caligastia would like nothing better than to destroy the Judeo Christian peoples because among them are the lovers of the true God of Abraham, Jacob, and Jesus. I will leave this speculative sketch of Babylon and the beast as food for further thought.
Let’s end this section with another list, a list of some end time events from Daniel.
Ancients of Days, present Dan 7
2. One like a son of man coming Dan 7 with clouds
3. Saints of the Most High (Elect) Dan 7 receive Kingdom forever
4. Michael (the angel) shall arise – great Dan 12 prince of the people
5. Resurrection of dead (end of the age) Dan 12
6. Wise will shine Daniel 12
7. Knowledge increased Daniel 12
8. Many have run to & fro Daniel 12
9. Troubles as never before Daniel 12
10. Ancient of Days, opens book of life, Daniel 7 begins judgment proceeding
in heavenly court.
11. Many purified Daniel 7
12. Wicked do wickedly Daniel 7
It is evident that many of these prophecies have been repeated in multiple, independent sources of scripture. The more such sources, the greater the accuracy and certainty of the prophecy. Also, each prophecy must fit within the developing themes of the overall prophetic picture. The more pieces that you have already put in the puzzle, the easier it is to place each subsequent piece, as there are less and less ways that each piece can possibly be placed and still fit in with its surrounding pieces. The total prophetic picture is a mosaic of the different prophetic sources. Each source fills in a critical piece of the whole. Melchizedek knows what needs to be filled in and so he adjusts each revelation to suit the needs of the overall prophetic picture.